Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       links - lynx-like alternative character mode WWW browser


       links2 [options] URL


       links2  is  a  text mode WWW browser with ncurses interface, supporting
       colors, correct table rendering, background  downloading,  menu  driven
       configuration interface and slim code.

       Frames  are  supported.  You can have different file formats associated
       with external viewers. mailto: and telnet: are supported  via  external

       links2 can handle local (file://) or remote (http:// or ftp://) URLs.


       Most  options  can  be  set  in  the  user interface or config file, so
       usually you do not need to care about them.

       -g     Run Links2 in graphics mode. If not given, Links2  will  run  in
              text  mode.   Running  in  graphics  mode means that Links2 will
              probe all compiled‐in graphics devices  and  run  on  the  first
              found.  If  none  found,  links2 will not run in text mode. This
              option works only if ‐‐enable‐graphics was given to ./configure.

       -no-g  Run in text mode (overrides previous -g).

       -driver <driver name>
              Graphics  driver  to use. Drivers are: x, svgalib, fb, directfb,
              pmshell, atheos.  List of drivers will be shown if you  give  it
              an  unknown  driver.  Available drivers depend on your operating
              system and available libraries.

       -mode <parameter>
              Pass a parameter to the graphics driver.  On  SVGAlib,  this  is
              widthxheightxdepth,  (where  depth  is 16, 256, 32K, 64K, 16M or
              16M32) and defines  the  graphics  mode,  on  X  the  format  is
              WIDTHxHEIGHT and defines the window size.

       -display <x-display>
              Set Xwindow display.

              Treat files with unknown type as html rather than text.  (can be
              toggled with ’\’ key)

       -source <url>
              Write unformatted data stream to stdout.

       -dump <url>
              Write formatted document to stdout.

       -width <number>
              For dump, document will be formatted to this screen  width  (but
              it can still exceed it if lines can’t be broken).

       -codepage <codepage>
              For  dump,  convert  output  to  specified  character set -- for
              example iso-8859-2, windows-1250.

              Restrict links so that it can run on an anonymous  account.   No
              local  file  browsing.  No  downloads.  Executing  of viewers is
              allowed, but user can’t add or  modify  entries  in  association

              Runs  links2  as  a separate instance - instead of connecting to
              existing instance.

       -download-utime <0>/<1>
              Set time of downloaded files to last modification time  reported
              by server.

       -async-dns <0>/<1>
              Asynchronous DNS resolver on(1)/off(0).

       -max-connections <max>
              Maximum number of concurrent connections.  (default: 10)

       -max-connections-to-host <max>
              Maximum  number  of  concurrent  connection  to  a  given  host.
              (default: 2)

       -retries <retry>
              Number of retries.  (default: 3)

       -receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on receive.  (default: 120)

       -unrestartable-receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on non restartable connections.  (default: 600)

       -format-cache-size <num>
              Number of formatted document pages cached.  (default: 5)

       -memory-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in Kilobytes.  (default: 1024)

       -image-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in Kilobytes.  (default: 1024)

       -http-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the HTTP  proxy,  or  blank.   (default:

       -ftp-proxy <host:port>
              Host  and  port  number  of  the FTP proxy, or blank.  (default:

       -socks-proxy <user@host:port>
              Userid, host and port of Socks4a, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -append-text-to-dns-lookups <text>
              Append text to dns lookups. It is useful  for  specifying  fixed
              tor exit node.  (default: blank)

       -only-proxies <0>/<1>
              "1"  causes  that Links won’t initiate any non-proxy connection.
              It is useful for anonymization with tor or similar networks.

       -download-dir <path>
              Default download directory.  (default: actual dir)

       -aggressive-cache <0>/<1>
              Always  cache  everything   regardless   of   server’s   caching
              recomendations.  Many servers deny caching even if their content
              is not changing just to get more hits and more money from ads.

       -language <language>
              Set user interface language.

       -http-bugs.http10 <0>/<1>
              (default 0) "1" forces using only HTTP/1.0 protocol. (useful for
              buggy  servers  that claim to be HTTP/1.1 compliant but are not)
              "0" enables using both HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1.

       -http-bugs.allow-blacklist <0>/<1>
              (default 1) "1" defaults to using  list  of  servers  that  have
              broken HTTP/1.1 support.  When links2 finds such server, it will
              retry the request with HTTP/1.0.

       -http-bugs.bug-302-redirect <0>/<1>
              (default 1) Process 302 redirect in a way that  is  incompatible
              with  RFC1945  and  RFC2068,  but the same as Netscape and MSIE.
              Many pages depend on it.

       -http-bugs.bug-post-no-keepalive <0>/<1>
              (default 0) No keepalive connection  after  post  requests.  For
              some buggy servers.

       -http-bugs.bug-no-accept-charset <0>/<1>
              (default  0)  Do  not  send Accept-Charset field of HTTP header.
              Because it is too long some servers will deny the request. Other
              servers  will convert content to plain ascii when Accept-Charset
              is missing. <0>/<1>
              (default  0)  "1"  causes  that  links  won’t   advertise   HTTP
              compression  support (but it will still accept compressed data).
              Use  it  when  you  communicate  with  server  that  has  broken
              compression support.

       -http-bugs.retry-internal-errors <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Retry on internal server errors (50x).

       -http.referer <0>/<1>
              (default 0) 0 - do not send referer.  1 - send the requested URL
              as referer.  2 - send fake referer.  3 - send real referer.  4 -
              send real referer only to the same server.

       -http.fake-referer <string>
              Fake referer value.

       -http.fake-user-agent <string>
              Fake user agent value.

       -http.extra-header <string>
              Extra string added to HTTP header.

       -ftp.anonymous-password <string>
              Password for anonymous ftp access.

       -ftp.use-passive <0>/<1>
              Use ftp PASV command to bypass firewalls. <0>/<1>
              Send  more  ftp  commands  simultaneously.  Faster response when
              browsing ftp directories, but it is incompatible  with  RFC  and
              some servers don’t like it.

       -menu-font-size <size>
              Size of font in menu.

       -background-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set menu background color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

       -foreground-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set menu foreground color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-area-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar area. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-bar-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-frame-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar frame. RRGGBB are hex.

       -display-red-gamma <fp-value>
              Red gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -display-green-gamma <fp-value>
              Green gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -display-blue-gamma <fp-value>
              Blue gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -user-gamma <fp-value>
              Additional gamma. (default 1)

       -bfu-aspect <fp-value>
              Display aspect ration.

       -aspect-on <0>/<1>
              Enable aspect ratio correction.

       -dither-letters <0>/<1>
              Do letter dithering.

       -dither-images <0>/<1>
              Do image dithering.

       -display-optimize <0>/<1>/<2>
              Optimize for CRT (0), LCD RGB (1), LCD BGR (2).

       -gamma-correction <0>/<1>/<2>
              Type  of  gamma  correction:  (default 2) 0 - 8-bit (fast).  1 -
              16-bit (slow).  2 - automatically detect according to  speed  of

       -bookmarks-codepage <codepage>
              Character set of bookmarks file.

       -bookmarks-file <file>
              File to store bookmarks.

       -html-assume-codepage <codepage>
              Use  the  given  codepage  when  the webpage did not specify its
              codepage. (default: ISO 8859-1)

       -html-hard-assume <0>/<1>
              Use always character set from "-html-assume-codepage" no  matter
              what server sent.

       -html-tables <0>/<1>
              Render tables. (0) causes tables being rendered like in lynx.

       -html-frames <0>/<1>
              Render frames. (0) causes frames  rendered like in lynx.

       -html-images <0>/<1>
              Display links to unnamed images as [IMG]

       -html-image-names <0>/<1>
              Display filename of an image instead of [IMG].

       -html-display-images <0>/<1>
              Display images in graphics mode.

       -html-image-scale <percent>
              Scale images in graphics mode.

       -html-bare-image-autoscale <0>/<1>
              Autoscale images displayed in full screen.

       -html-numbered-links <0>/<1>
              Number  links in text mode. Allow quick link selection by typing
              link number and enter.

       -html-table-order <0>/<1>
              In text mode, walk through table by rows (0) or columns (1).

       -html-auto-refresh <0>/<1>
              Process refresh to other page (1), or display link to that  page

       -html-target-in-new-window <0>/<1>
              Allow opening new windows from html.

       -html-margin <number of spaces>
              Margin in text mode.

       -html-user-font-size <size>
              Size of font on pages in graphics mode.

       -lookup <hostname>
              Does name lookup, like command "host".

              Prints the links version number and exit.

       -help  Printf a help screen

       More options can be seen with links2 -h


       The keys you may use while navigating are

       ESC    menu/escape

       F9     menu

       F10    file menu

       TAB    next frame

       PGDN   page down

       Space  page down

       PGUP   page up

       b      page up

       B      page up

              next link/down (text mode), scroll down (graphics mode)

              prev link/up (text mode), up (graphics mode)

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^C     copy to clipboard (OS/2 only)

       INS    scroll up (text mode only)

       ^P     scroll up

       DEL    scroll down

       ^N     scroll down

       [      scroll left

       ]      scroll right

       HOME   home

       END    end of page

              enter  link/press  button  (text  mode),  scroll right (graphics

       ENTER  enter link/press button

              go back (text mode), scroll left (graphics mode)

       d      download link (text mode only)

       D      download link (text mode only)

       /      search in the page

       ?      search back in the page

       n      find next match

       N      find next match backwards

       f      zoom actual frame

       F      zoom actual frame

       ^R     reload page

       g      go to URL

       G      edit the current URL and goto the result

       s      bookmark manager

       S      bookmark manager

       q      quit, close window if more windows are open

       Q      quit, close window if more windows are open

       =      document informations

       \      toggle HTML source/rendered view


       The following keys can be used while editing a line/jumping to a URL:

              move right

              move left

       HOME   jump at the beginning

       ^A     jump at the beginning

       END    jump at the end

       ^E     jump at the end

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^B     copy to clipboard

       ^X     cut to clipboard (text mode only)

       ^V     paste from clipboard (text mode only)

       ENTER  enter line

              delete back character

       ^H     delete back character

       DEL    delete character

       ^D     delete character

       ^U     delete from beginning of the line

       ^K     delete to the end of the line

       ^W     auto complete line


              Per‐user configfile, automatically created by links2.


       links2 is known to work on Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris, IRIX,  HPUX,
       Digital Unix, AIX, OS/2 and BeOS.  Port for Win32 is in state of
       beta testing.


       Can’t connect to some FTP servers (Novell, NT). Connection stays
       in "Request sent" state.

       Frames  don’t  work  if there’s more frames with same name. Turn
       them off in such case.

       You can’t upload large files; it takes _lots_ of memory.

       You shouldn’t press ’^Z’ when you are in a viewer

       Please report  any  other  bugs  you  find  to  Mikulas  Patocka


       links2  is  free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
       it under  the  terms  of  the  GNU  General  Public  License  as
       published  by  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
       the License, or (at your option) any later version.


       links2 was written by Mikulas Patocka,  KarelClockKulhavy,
       PetrBrainKulhavy,  and  MartinPerMPergel.   See file
       AUTHORS for a list of people contributing to this project.

       The    homepage    of     links2     can     be     found     at

       This  manual  page was written by Peter Gervai <>,
       using excerpts from a (yet?) unknown links2 fan for  the  Debian
       GNU/Linux  system  (but may be used by others). Updated by Karel


       lynx(1), w3m(1)

                                   Aug, 2006                         LINKS2(1)