ils - List inode information
ils [-emOpvV] [-f fstype ] [-s seconds ] [-i imgtype ] [-o imgoffset ]
[-b dev_sector_size] image [images] [start-stop]
ils [-aAlLvVzZ] [-f fstype ] [-s seconds ] [-i imgtype ] [-o imgoffset
] image [images] [start-stop]
ils opens the named image(s) and lists inode information. By default,
ils lists only the inodes of removed files.
-e List every inode in the file system.
Specifies the file system type. Use ’-f list’ to list the
supported file system types. If not given, autodetection
methods are used.
The time skew of the original system in seconds. For example,
if the original system was 100 seconds slow, this value would be
-m Display the inode details in the format that the mactime program
reads (replaces the ils2mac script from TCT)
-O List only inodes of removed files that are still open or
executing. This option is short-hand notation for -aL "(see the
fine controls section below). (this used to be -o).
-p Display orphan inodes (unallocated with no file name)
-r (default) List only inodes of removed files. This option is
short-hand notation for -LZ (see the fine controls section
Identify the type of image file, such as raw or split. Use ’-i
list’ to list the supported types. If not given, autodetection
methods are used.
The sector offset where the file system starts in the image.
The size, in bytes, of the underlying device sectors. If not
given, the value in the image format is used (if it exists) or
512-bytes is assumed.
-v Turn on verbose mode, output to stderr.
-V Display Version.
One (or more if split) disk or partition images whose format is
given with ’-i’.
Examine the specified inode number or number range.
-a List only allocated inodes: these belong to files with at least
one directory entry in the file system, and to removed files
that are still open or executing.
-A List only unallocated inodes: these belong to files that no
-l List only inodes with at least one hard link. These belong to
files with at least one directory entry in the file system.
-L List only inodes without any hard links. These belong to files
that no longer exist, and to removed files that are still open
-z List only inodes with zero status change time. Presumably, these
inodes were never used.
-Z List only inodes with non-zero status change time. Presumably,
these belong to files that still exist, or that existed in the
The output format is in time machine format. The output begins with a
two-line header that describes the data origin, and is followed by a
one-line header that lists the names of the data attributes that make
up the remainder of the output:
st_ino The inode number.
Allocation status: ‘a’ for allocated inode, ‘f’ for free inode.
st_uid Owner user ID.
st_gid Owner group ID.
UNIX time (seconds) of last file modification.
UNIX time (seconds) of last file access.
UNIX time (seconds) of last inode status change.
UNIX time (seconds) of file deletion (LINUX only).
File type and permissions (octal).
Number of hard links.
File size in bytes.
The first two entries in the direct block address list.
This software is distributed under the IBM Public License.
First appeared in The Coroners Toolkit (TCT) 1.0.
Wietse Venema IBM T.J. Watson Research P.O. Box 704 Yorktown Heights,
NY 10598, USA
This version is maintained by Brian Carrier (carrier at sleuthkit dot
Send documentation updates to <doc-updates at sleuthkit dot org>