htop - interactive process viewer
This program is a free (GPL) ncurses-based process viewer.
It is similar to top, but allows to scroll the list vertically and
horizontally to see all processes and their full command lines.
Tasks related to processes (killing, renicing) can be done without
entering their PIDs.
The following flags are supported:
Delay between updates, in tenths of seconds
Show only processes of a given user
Sort by this column (use --sort-key help for a column list)
The following commands are supported:
Arrows, PgUP, PgDn, Home, End
Scroll process list.
"Tag": mark a process. Commands that can operate on multiple
processes, like "kill", will then apply over the list of tagged
processes, instead of the currently highlighted one.
U "Untag" all processes (remove all tags added with the Space key).
s Trace process system calls: if strace(1) is installed, pressing
this key will attach it to the currently selected process,
presenting a live update of system calls issued by the process.
l Display open files for a process: if lsof(1) is installed,
pressing this key will display the list of file descriptors opened
by the process.
Setup screen. There you can configure meters displayed on the top
side of the screen, as well as set various display options, choose
among color schemes and select the layout of the displayed
Incremental process search: type in part of a process command line
and the selection highlight will be moved to it. While in search
mode, pressing this key will cycle through matching occurrences.
Invert sort order: if sort order is increasing, switch to
decreasing, and vice-versa.
Tree view: organize processes by parenthood, and layout the
relations between them as a tree. Toggling the key will switch
between tree and your previously selected sort view. Selecting a
sort view will exit tree view.
Select field for sorting. The sort field is indicated by a
highlight in the header.
F7, ], -
Increase selected process priority (subtract from ’nice’ value).
This can be done by the superuser only.
F8, [, +
Decrease selected process priority (add to ’nice’ value)
"Kill" process: sends a signal which is selected in a menu, to one
or a group of processes. If processes were tagged, sends the
signal to all tagged processes. If none is tagged, sends to the
currently selected process.
a (on multiprocessor machines)
Set CPU affinity: mark which CPUs a process is allowed to use.
u Show only processes owned by a specified user.
M Sort by memory usage (top compatibility key).
P Sort by processor usage (top compatibility key).
T Sort by time (top compatibility key).
F "Follow" process: if the sort order causes the currently selected
process to move in the list, make the selection bar follow it.
This is useful for monitoring a process: this way, you can keep a
process always visible on screen. When a movement key is used,
"follow" loses effect.
K Hide kernel threads: prevent the threads belonging the kernel to
be displayed in the process list. (This is a toggle key.)
H Hide user threads: on systems that represent them differently than
ordinary processes (such as recent NPTL-based systems), this can
hide threads from userspace processes in the process list. (This
is a toggle key.)
Refresh: redraw screen and recalculate values.
PID search: type in process ID and the selection highlight will be
moved to it.
htop is developed by Hisham Muhammad
This man page was written by Bartosz Fenski <firstname.lastname@example.org> for the
Debian GNU/Linux distribution (but it may be used by others), and
updated by Hisham Muhammad.