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       gxmessage - a GTK-based xmessage clone


       gxmessage [OPTIONS] message ...
       gxmessage [OPTIONS] -file FILENAME


       gxmessage opens a window to display a message obtained from the command
       line, from a file, or from stdin. The window includes a row of buttons,
       each  of which causes the program to exit with a different return code.

       The GNU Info entry for  gxmessage  contains  detailed  information  and


       gxmessage  should accept any option xmessage would, although some (such
       as -bw and -xrm) are silently ignored. Options supported  by  gxmessage
       are as follows:

       -bg COLOR
              Sets  the  background  color  of the message to COLOR. Examples:
              red, "#c90", "#446a7e".

              Opens the gxmessage window without the usual window frame.  This
              option is not compatible with xmessage.

       -buttons BUTTON_LIST
              Defines  the  buttons  to  be  created.  BUTTON_LIST is a comma-
              separated list of LABEL:VALUE pairs, one for  each  button.  The
              LABEL is the text that appears on the button. The VALUE (0..255)
              is the code the  program  will  exit  with  if  that  button  is
              pressed. Commas and colons can be escaped using backslashes (\).
              As well as ordinary text, the LABEL can specify  a  GTK  "stock"
              button, like "GTK_STOCK_CANCEL", or it can include an underscore
              (_) to specify a keyboard accelerator. If  VALUEs  are  omitted,
              they  default  to  101, 102, 103, etc., in order. If no -buttons
              option is given, BUTTON_LIST defaults to "okay:0".

                   gxmessage -buttons "Foo:42,Bar:63" "Example"
                   echo $?

                   gxmessage -buttons "_Foo,_Bar" "Example"
                   echo $?

                   gxmessage "Example"
                   echo $?

                   gxmessage -buttons "GTK_STOCK_OK:0" "Example"
                   echo $?

                   gxmessage -buttons "Hello\, world" "Example"

              Opens the gxmessage window in the middle of the screen.

       -default LABEL
              Opens the gxmessage window with input focused on  the  specified
              button.   LABEL  is  one  of  the  LABELs  in  BUTTON_LIST  (see
              -buttons, above).

       -display DISPLAY
              Specifies the X display to use.

       -encoding CHARSET
              Specifies the encoding of the  message  text.  By  default,  the
              message  text  is  assumed  to match the encoding of the current
              locale. This option is not compatible with xmessage.

              Adds a text entry box to the gxmessage window. When  the  window
              closes, any text in the entry box will be copied to stdout. This
              option is not compatible with xmessage and can’t be used at  the
              same time as the -print option.

       -entrytext TEXT
              Same as -entry, but sets the default entry box contents to TEXT.
              This option is not compatible with xmessage.

       -fg COLOR
              Sets the message text color to COLOR.

       -file FILENAME
              Causes the named file to be used as the  message  source.  If  a
              dash  (-) is used in place of FILENAME, the message will be read
              from stdin.

       -fn | -font FONT
              Specifies the message  font,  using  GTK2’s  font  specification
              system.  For  example,  -font  "serif  italic  14". (GTK2’s font
              system is not compatible with xmessage.  See  the  Compatibility
              section, below, for a workaround.)

       -geometry GEOMETRY
              Sets  the  window’s  size  (position  is  ignored by gxmessage).
              Example: -geometry 400x200

              Displays basic usage information then exits.

              Opens the gxmessage window in its iconized (minimized) state.

       -name NAME
              Sets the gxmessage window’s name to NAME.

              Opens the gxmessage window near the mouse pointer.

              Prevents the gxmessage  window  from  receiving  focus  when  it
              opens.  This option is not compatible with xmessage.

              Writes the LABEL of the selected button to stdout.

       -timeout SECONDS
              Automatically closes the gxmessage window with an exit code of 0
              if no button is pressed within SECONDS seconds. (The -entry  and
              -entrytext options cause -timeout to be ignored.)

       -title TITLE
              Sets the gxmessage window’s title to TITLE.

              Displays  the  program’s  version  number and Copyright details,
              then exits. This option is not compatible with xmessage.

              Causes lines to wrap rather than exceed the width of the window.
              This option is not compatible with xmessage.


       The  program’s  default  appearance  can be adjusted using GTK resource
       files.  The main text display widget is named gxmessage-textview.   The
       text entry widget is named gxmessage-entry.

            # Example: ~/.gtkrc-2.0

            style "gxmsg" {
                text[NORMAL]   = "#cc9900"
                base[NORMAL]   = "#660000"
                text[SELECTED] = "#660000"
                base[SELECTED] = "#cc9900"
                font_name      = "monospace"
            widget "*.gxmessage-textview" style  "gxmsg"
            widget "*.gxmessage-entry"    style  "gxmsg"


       If  a button is pressed, the program returns the value assigned to that
       button.  The default "okay" button returns 0.

       If a timeout event occurs, the program returns 0.

       If an error occurs, or if the window is closed without  a  button-press
       or  timeout  event, the program exits with code 1. Pressing the ESC key
       also causes the program to exit with code 1.


       Fall back to xmessage if gxmessage isn’t available:

            #! /bin/sh
            XMESSAGE=$(which gxmessage) || XMESSAGE=xmessage
            $XMESSAGE "hello, world"

       If you specify fonts, check which program you’re using:

            font="monospace 14"
            [ "$XMESSAGE" = xmessage ] && font="fixed"
            $XMESSAGE ${font:+-fn "$font"} "hello, world"

       Don’t use double-dashed command line options:

            $XMESSAGE "hello, world" -buttons good
            $XMESSAGE "hello, world" --buttons bad

       Don’t use the gxmessage-specific options:

            -entry, -entrytext, -borderless, -wrap,
            -encoding, -nofocus, -version, -h, -?


       The position component of -geometry values is ignored by gxmessage.

       For some reason, opening the gxmessage window with no button set to  be
       the default causes GTK to emit a "beep" sound.

       If  you  discover  other  bugs in the most recent version of gxmessage,
       please get in touch.


       xmessage(1), zenity(1), dialog(1)

       The GNU Info entry for  gxmessage  contains  detailed  information  and


       Timothy Musson <>


       Copyright  ©  2003,  2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Timothy Richard

       Copying and distribution of this file, with  or  without  modification,
       are  permitted  provided  the  copyright  notice  and  this  notice are

                             September 18th, 2009