git-ls-files - Show information about files in the index and the
git ls-files [-z] [-t] [-v]
[--full-name] [--abbrev] [--] [<file>]\*
This merges the file listing in the directory cache index with the
actual working directory list, and shows different combinations of the
One or more of the options below may be used to determine the files
Show cached files in the output (default)
Show deleted files in the output
Show modified files in the output
Show other (i.e. untracked) files in the output
Show only ignored files in the output. When showing files in the
index, print only those matched by an exclude pattern. When showing
"other" files, show only those matched by an exclude pattern.
Show staged contents' object name, mode bits and stage number in
If a whole directory is classified as "other", show just its name
(with a trailing slash) and not its whole contents.
Do not list empty directories. Has no effect without --directory.
Show unmerged files in the output (forces --stage)
Show files on the filesystem that need to be removed due to
file/directory conflicts for checkout-index to succeed.
\0 line termination on output.
-x <pattern>, --exclude=<pattern>
Skips files matching pattern. Note that pattern is a shell wildcard
-X <file>, --exclude-from=<file>
exclude patterns are read from <file>; 1 per line.
read additional exclude patterns that apply only to the directory
and its subdirectories in <file>.
Add the standard git exclusions: .git/info/exclude, .gitignore in
each directory, and the user's global exclusion file.
If any <file> does not appear in the index, treat this as an error
When using --error-unmatch to expand the user supplied <file> (i.e.
path pattern) arguments to paths, pretend that paths which were
removed in the index since the named <tree-ish> are still present.
Using this option with -s or -u options does not make any sense.
Identify the file status with the following tags (followed by a
space) at the start of each line:
to be killed
Similar to -t, but use lowercase letters for files that are marked
as assume unchanged (see git-update-index(1)).
When run from a subdirectory, the command usually outputs paths
relative to the current directory. This option forces paths to be
output relative to the project top directory.
Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal object lines, show
only a partial prefix. Non default number of digits can be
specified with --abbrev=<n>.
Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
Files to show. If no files are given all files which match the
other specified criteria are shown.
git ls-files just outputs the filenames unless --stage is specified in
which case it outputs:
[<tag> ]<mode> <object> <stage> <file>
git ls-files --unmerged and git ls-files --stage can be used to examine
detailed information on unmerged paths.
For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA1 pair, the
index records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage 1, A in
stage 2, and B in stage 3. This information can be used by the user (or
the porcelain) to see what should eventually be recorded at the path.
(see git-read-tree(1) for more information on state)
When -z option is not used, TAB, LF, and backslash characters in
pathnames are represented as \t, \n, and \\, respectively.
git ls-files can use a list of "exclude patterns" when traversing the
directory tree and finding files to show when the flags --others or
--ignored are specified. gitignore(5) specifies the format of exclude
These exclude patterns come from these places, in order:
1. The command line flag --exclude=<pattern> specifies a single
pattern. Patterns are ordered in the same order they appear in the
2. The command line flag --exclude-from=<file> specifies a file
containing a list of patterns. Patterns are ordered in the same
order they appear in the file.
3. command line flag --exclude-per-directory=<name> specifies a name
of the file in each directory git ls-files examines, normally
.gitignore. Files in deeper directories take precedence. Patterns
are ordered in the same order they appear in the files.
A pattern specified on the command line with --exclude or read from the
file specified with --exclude-from is relative to the top of the
directory tree. A pattern read from a file specified by
--exclude-per-directory is relative to the directory that the pattern
file appears in.
Written by Linus Torvalds <email@example.com>
Documentation by David Greaves, Junio C Hamano, Josh Triplett, and the
Part of the git(1) suite