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       gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.


       gimp   [-h]   [--help]   [--help-all]   [--help-gtk]  [-v]  [--version]
       [--license] [--verbose]  [-n]  [--new-instance]  [-a]  [--as-new]  [-i]
       [--no-interface]  [-d] [--no-data] [-f] [--no-fonts] [-s] [--no-splash]
       [--no-shm] [--no-cpu-accel] [--display display] [--session <name>] [-g]
       [--gimprc    <gimprc>]   [--system-gimprc   <gimprc>]   [--dump-gimprc]
       [--console-messages]  [--debug-handlers]  [--stack-trace-mode   <mode>]
       [--pdb-compat-mode   <mode>]   [--batch-interpreter  <procedure>]  [-b]
       [--batch <command>] [filename] ...


       GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It  is  used  to  edit  and
       manipulate  images. It can load and save a variety of image formats and
       can be used to convert between formats.

       GIMP can also be used as a paint program. It features a set of  drawing
       and  painting  tools  such as airbrush, clone, pencil, and paint brush.
       Painting and drawing tools can be applied to an image with a variety of
       paint modes.  It also offers an extensive array of selection tools like
       rectangle, ellipse, fuzzy select, bezier select, intelligent  scissors,
       and select by color.

       GIMP  offers  a  variety  of  plug-ins  that perform a variety of image
       manipulations.  Examples include bumpmap, edge detect,  gaussian  blur,
       and  many  others.  In  addition,  GIMP has several scripting extension
       which allow for advanced non-interactive  processing  and  creation  of

       GIMP  ships  with a second binary called gimp-console. This binary is a
       console-only version and  behaves  as  if  gimp  was  called  with  the
       --no-interface command-line option.

       On  platforms  with  the D-Bus message bus system, GIMP will by default
       check if an instance is already running in this  user  session.  If  it
       detects  that,  it will pass all filenames given on the command-line to
       the already running GIMP instance and quit.


       GIMP accepts the following options:

       -h, --help
               Show GIMP command-line options.

               Show all command-line options.

               Show GTK+ command-line options.

               Show GEGL command-line options.

       -v, --version
               Output version information and exit.  When  combined  with  the
               --verbose  option,  version information about libraries used by
               GIMP is shown as well.

               Output license information and exit.

               Be verbose and create information on standard output.

       -n, --new-instance
               Do not attempt to  reuse  an  already  running  GIMP  instance.
               Always start a new one.

       -a, --as-new
               Open  filenames passed on the command-line as new images, don't
               set the filename on them.

       -i, --no-interface
               Run without a user interface.

       -d, --no-data
               Do not load patterns, gradients, palettes,  or  brushes.  Often
               useful  in  non-interactive situations where startup time is to
               be minimized.

       -f, --no-fonts
               Do not load any fonts. No text functionality will be  available
               if this option is used.

       --display display
               Use the designated X display.

       -s, --no-splash
               Do not show the splash screen.

               Do  not  use  shared  memory  between  GIMP  and  its plug-ins.
               Instead of using shared memory, GIMP will  send  the  data  via
               pipe.  This will result in slower performance than using shared

               Do not use CPU accelerations such as MMX or SSE  even  if  GIMP
               detects that your CPU provides this functionality.

       --session <name>
               Use  a  different  sessionrc  for  this GIMP session. The given
               session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

       -g, --gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternative gimprc instead of the default one. Useful in
               cases where plug-in paths or machine specs may be different.

       --system-gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternate system gimprc file.

               Output a gimprc file with default settings.

               Enable debugging signal handlers.

       -c, --console-messages
               Do  not  popup  dialog  boxes  on errors or warnings. Print the
               messages on the console instead.

       --stack-trace-mode {never|query|always}
               If a stack-trace should be generated in case of fatal  signals.

       --pdb-compat-mode {off|on|warn}
               If the PDB should provide aliases for deprecated functions.

       --batch-interpreter <procedure>
               Specifies  the  procedure  to  use to process batch events. The
               default is to let Script-Fu evaluate the commands.

       -b, --batch <command>
               Execute <command> non-interactively.  This  option  may  appear
               multiple   times.    The  <command>  is  passed  to  the  batch
               interpreter. When <command> is - the  commands  are  read  from
               standard input.


       GIMP respects a number of environment variables.

       DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.

               to  get  the  name  of  the  personal  GIMP directory. If unset
               .gimp-2.6 is used.  If this is an absolute path, it is used  as
               is.  If it is a relative path, it is taken to be a subdirectory
               of the home directory.

               to get the base location for data files  such  as  brushes  and
               patterns.  If unset ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0 is used.

               to   get   the   base   location  for  translations.  If  unset
               ${datarootdir}/locale is used.

               to get the base location for plug-ins  and  modules.  If  unset
               ${exec_prefix}/lib/gimp/2.0 is used.

               to   get   the   location  of  configuration  files.  If  unset
               /etc/gimp/2.0 is used.

               On  Linux  GIMP  can  be  compiled  with  support  for   binary
               relocatibility.    This   will   cause   data,   plug-ins   and
               configuration files to be searched relative to the location  of
               the  gimp  executable file unless overridden by the environment
               variables mentioned above.


       GIMP's  data  files  are  stored  in   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0,   where
       ${datarootdir}  is  set on install, but is typically /usr/share. GIMP's
       system-wide configuration files  are  stored  in  /etc/gimp/2.0,  where
       ${prefix} is typically /usr.

       Most  GIMP  configuration  is  read  in  from  the  user's  init  file,
       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/gimprc. The system wide equivalent is  in  /etc/gimprc.
       The  system  wide file is parsed first and the user gimprc can override
       the system settings.  /etc/gimprc_user is the default gimprc placed  in
       users' home directories the first time GIMP is run.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/devicerc  -  holds  settings for input devices together
       with the tool, colors, brush, pattern and gradient associated  to  that

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/gtkrc   -   users  set  of  GIMP-specific  GTK+  config
       settings. Options such as widget color and fonts sizes can be set here.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/gtkrc  -  sytem  wide  default  set of GIMP-specific GTK+
       config settings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/menurc - user's set of keybindings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/parasiterc - Stores all persistent GIMP parasites. This
       file will be rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/sessionrc - This file takes session-specific info (that
       is info, you want to keep between  two  GIMP  sessions).  You  are  not
       supposed  to edit it manually, but of course you can do. This file will
       be entirely rewritten every time you quit  GIMP.  If  this  file  isn't
       found, defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/templaterc - Image templates are kept in this file. New
       images can conveniently created from  these  templates.  If  this  file
       isn't found, defaults are used.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/unitrc - default user unit database. It contains the unit
       definitions for centimeters, meters, feet,  yards,  typographic  points
       and typographic picas and is placed in users home directories the first
       time GIMP is ran. If this file isn't found, defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/unitrc - This file contains your  user  unit  database.
       You  can modify this list with the unit editor. You are not supposed to
       edit it manually, but of course you can do.  This file will be entirely
       rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/plug-ins - location of user installed plug-ins.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/pluginrc  -  plug-in  initialization  values are stored
       here. This file is parsed on startup and regenerated if need be.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/modules - location of user installed modules.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/tmp - default location  that  GIMP  uses  as  temporary

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/brushes - system wide brush files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/brushes - user created and installed brush files. These
       files are in the .gbr, .gih or .vbr file formats.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/curves - Curve profiles and presets as saved  from  the
       Curves tool.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/gimpressionist  -  Presets and user created brushes and
       papers are stored here.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/levels - Level profiles and presets as saved  from  the
       Levels tool.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/palettes - the system wide palette files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/palettes  -  user  created  and modified palette files.
       This files are in the .gpl format.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/patterns - basic set of  patterns  for  use  in

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/patterns  -  user  created  and  installed gimp pattern
       files. This files are in the .pat format.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gradients  -  standard  system  wide   set   of
       gradient files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/gradients  - user created and installed gradient files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/scripts - system wide directory of scripts used
       in Script-Fu and other scripting extensions.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/scripts - user created and installed scripts.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gflares  -  system  wide  directory used by the
       gflare plug-in.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/gflares - user created and installed gflare files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gfig - system wide directory used by  the  gfig

       $HOME/.gimp-2.6/gfig - user created and installed gfig files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-splash.png - the default image used
       for the GIMP splash screen.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-logo.png - image used in  the  GIMP
       about dialog.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/tips/gimp-tips.xml  -  tips as displayed in the
       "Tip of the Day" dialog box.


       GIMP comes with a default image for the splash  screen  but  it  allows
       system  administrators  and  users  to  customize  the splash screen by
       providing other images. The image to be used with the splash screen  is
       chosen as follows:

       1.     GIMP  tries  to  load  a random splash screen from the directory

       2.     It then falls back to using $HOME/.gimp-2.6/gimp-splash.png.

       3.     If the user didn't install any custom splash  images,  a  random
              image is picked from ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/splashes.

       4.     As  a last resort, GIMP uses the default splash image located at


       Any bugs found should be reported to  the  online  bug-tracking  system
       available  on  the  web at Before reporting
       bugs, please check to see if the bug has already been reported.

       When reporting GIMP bugs, it is important to include a reliable way  to
       reproduce  the bug, version number of GIMP (and probably GTK+), OS name
       and version, and any relevant hardware specs. If a  bug  is  causing  a
       crash,  it  is  very  useful  if  a stack trace can be provided. And of
       course, patches to rectify the bug are even better.


       The canonical place to find GIMP info is at  Here
       you can find links to just about many other GIMP sites, tutorials, data
       sets, mailing list archives, and more.

       There is also a GIMP User  Manual  available  at
       that goes into much more detail about the interactive use of GIMP.

       The  latest  version  of  GIMP and the GTK+ libs is always available at


       Spencer Kimball, Peter Mattis and the GIMP Development Team.

       With  patches,  fixes,  plug-ins,  extensions,  scripts,  translations,
       documentation and more from lots and lots of people all over the world.


       gimprc(5), gimptool(1),