Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       getfacl - get file access control lists


       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] file ...

       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] -


       For  each  file,  getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and
       the Access Control List (ACL).  If  a  directory  has  a  default  ACL,
       getfacl  also  displays  the  default  ACL. Non-directories cannot have
       default ACLs.

       If getfacl is used on a file system that does not support ACLs, getfacl
       displays  the  access  permissions defined by the traditional file mode
       permission bits.

       The output format of getfacl is as follows:
               1:  # file: somedir/
               2:  # owner: lisa
               3:  # group: staff
               4:  # flags: -s-
               5:  user::rwx
               6:  user:joe:rwx               #effective:r-x
               7:  group::rwx                 #effective:r-x
               8:  group:cool:r-x
               9:  mask::r-x
              10:  other::r-x
              11:  default:user::rwx
              12:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
              13:  default:group::r-x
              14:  default:mask::r-x
              15:  default:other::---

       Lines 1--3 indicate the file name, owner, and owning group.

       Line 4 indicates the setuid (s),  setgid  (s),  and  sticky  (t)  bits:
       either  the  letter representing the bit, or else a dash (-). This line
       is included if any of those bits is set and left out otherwise,  so  it
       will  not  be  shown  for most files. (See CONFORMANCE TO POSIX 1003.1e
       DRAFT STANDARD 17 below.)

       Lines 5, 7 and 10 correspond to the user, group and other fields of the
       file mode permission bits. These three are called the base ACL entries.
       Lines 6 and 8 are named user and named group entries.  Line  9  is  the
       effective  rights  mask. This entry limits the effective rights granted
       to  all  groups  and  to  named  users.  (The  file  owner  and  others
       permissions  are  not  affected by the effective rights mask; all other
       entries are.)  Lines 11--15 display the  default  ACL  associated  with
       this directory. Directories may have a default ACL. Regular files never
       have a default ACL.

       The default behavior for getfacl is to display both  the  ACL  and  the
       default ACL, and to include an effective rights comment for lines where
       the rights of the entry differ from the effective rights.

       If output is to a terminal, the effective rights comment is aligned  to
       column  40.  Otherwise,  a single tab character separates the ACL entry
       and the effective rights comment.

       The ACL listings of multiple files are separated by blank  lines.   The
       output of getfacl can also be used as input to setfacl.

       Process  with search access to a file (i.e., processes with read access
       to the containing directory of a file) are also granted read access  to
       the  file’s  ACLs.   This  is analogous to the permissions required for
       accessing the file mode.

       -a, --access
           Display the file access control list.

       -d, --default
           Display the default access control list.

       -c, --omit-header
           Do not display the comment header (the first three  lines  of  each
           file’s output).

       -e, --all-effective
           Print  all  effective  rights  comments,  even  if identical to the
           rights defined by the ACL entry.

       -E, --no-effective
           Do not print effective rights comments.

       -s, --skip-base
           Skip files that only have  the  base  ACL  entries  (owner,  group,

       -R, --recursive
           List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.

       -L, --logical
           Logical  walk,  follow  symbolic  links to directories. The default
           behavior is to follow symbolic link arguments,  and  skip  symbolic
           links encountered in subdirectories.  Only effective in combination
           with -R.

       -P, --physical
           Physical walk, do not follow symbolic links  to  directories.  This
           also  skips symbolic link arguments.  Only effective in combination
           with -R.

       -t, --tabular
           Use an alternative tabular output format. The ACL and  the  default
           ACL  are  displayed  side by side. Permissions that are ineffective
           due to the ACL mask entry are displayed capitalized. The entry  tag
           names  for  the  ACL_USER_OBJ  and  ACL_GROUP_OBJ  entries are also
           displayed  in  capital  letters,  which  helps  in  spotting  those

       -p, --absolute-names
           Do  not  strip leading slash characters (‘/’). The default behavior
           is to strip leading slash characters.

       -n, --numeric
           List numeric user and group IDs

       -v, --version
           Print the version of getfacl and exit.

       -h, --help
           Print help explaining the command line options.

       --  End  of  command  line  options.  All  remaining   parameters   are
           interpreted  as  file  names,  even  if  they  start  with  a  dash

       -   If the file name parameter is  a  single  dash  character,  getfacl
           reads a list of files from standard input.


       If  the  environment  variable  POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the default
       behavior of getfacl changes in the  following  ways:  Unless  otherwise
       specified,  only the ACL is printed. The default ACL is only printed if
       the -d option is given. If no command line parameter is given,  getfacl
       behaves  as  if  it  was  invoked  as ‘‘getfacl -’’.  No flags comments
       indicating the setuid, setgit, and sticky bits are generated.


       Andreas Gruenbacher, <>.

       Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.


       setfacl(1), acl(5)