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       freebcp - bulk loading utility for Sybase and Microsoft databases


       freebcp [[database.]owner.]object_name {in | [query]out} datafile
         { -c | -n | -f formatfile }
         [-b batchsize] [-F firstrow] [-L lastrow] [-e errfile]
         [-I interfaces] [-m maxerrors] [-t field_term] [-r row_term]
         [-h hints] [-T textsize] [-A packet_size] [-O options]
         [-S servername] [-U username] [-P password] [-EdVv]


       freebcp  is  a  utility  program  distributed  with  FreeTDS.   freebcp
       replicates (in part at least) the functionality of  the  "bcp"  utility
       programs distributed by Sybase and Microsoft.

       freebcp  makes  use of the db-lib bcp API provided by FreeTDS. This API
       is also available to application developers.

       The manual pages or online  help  for  Sybase  or  SQL  Server  can  be
       referenced for more detailed information on "bcp" functionality.


              The  database  of  the  object  being  copied.   Optional if the
              table/view is in the default database for username.

       owner  The owner of the object being copied. Optional  if  username  or
              the database owner is the owner of the table.

              Usually,  object_name is the name of the database table you wish
              to access. It can also be a view (and, subject  to  constraints,
              it  is sometimes possible to load a view). It can also be an SQL
              query, cf. queryout, below.

       in | [query]out
              The direction of the bulk copy operation.  ’in’  indicates  data
              are  to  be copied from a host file into a database table; ’out’
              indicates data are to be copied from a database table to a  host
              file.  ’queryout’  indicates that table_name is in fact a query,
              rather than a database object. freebcp will  execute  the  query
              and  write the results to a file. (It is a good idea to have the
              query return one and only one result set.)

              The name of an operating system file.


       -c     The host data file is (or will be) in "character" format,  i.e.,
              a text file. Encoding is determined by the

              client charset attribute in freetds.conf.

       -n     The host data file is in "native" format.  This is a format that
              freebcp will  be  able  to  process,  but  is  not  portable  or

       -f formatfile
              The format of the host data file is described by formatfile. The
              layout of formatfile is identical  to  that  understood  by  the
              Sybase  and  Microsoft  bcp utilities, but is too complicated to
              describe here.

       -b batchsize
              The number of rows per batch of data  copied.  Batching  applies
              only  when you are bulk copying into the database. Each batch of
              data is effectively ’committed’ into the database.  The  default
              value for batchsize is 1000.

       -F firstrow
              The first row to copy from the input file or database table. The
              default is the first row, row 1.

       -L lastrow
              The last row to copy from an input file  or database table.  The
              default is the last row.

       -r row_term
              The  row  terminator for a character file.  May be more than one
              character.  Default is newline (’\n’). Cf. -c, above.

       -t field_term
              The field terminator for character file. Also known as a  column
              delimiter.  May  be  more  than  one  character.  Default is tab
              (’\t’). Cf. -c, above.

       -m maxerrors
              Stop after encountering maxerror errors. Default 10.

       -e errfile
              Write errors to error_file.  For  uploads.   Includes  line  and
              column information, and the row data.

       -S servername
              The name of the Database Server to which to connect.

       -U username
              A database login name.

       -P password
              A database password.

       -E     Write  the  data  in  datafile  to  the table’s IDENTITY column.
              Without this flag, the identity data  present  in  the  datafile
              will  be  ignored, and new IDENTITY values will be generated for
              the imported rows.

       -d     Turn off any logging. (Unintuitive, perhaps.)

       -O options
              SQL text to set connection options prior to the  bcp  operation.
              If  options  is  a valid filename, the SQL is read from the file
              instead. Sometimes  needed  for  queryout.   Example:  "-O  ’SET
              QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON’"

       -I interfaces
              The  name  and  location  of  the interfaces file to search when
              connecting to servername. Overrides freetds.conf.

       -h hints
              Set bcp hints.  For  valid  values,  cf.  bcp_options()  in  the
              FreeTDS Reference Manual.

       -T textsize
              For  text or image columns, set the maximum number of characters
              to  request  from  the  server.  Defaults  to  the  setting   in
              freetds.conf.  If  not  specified anywhere, defaults to the full
              size of the data.

       -A packet_size
              Set the size of a TDS packet to packet_size.  Not sure  why  you
              would want to do this, except as an experiment.

       -v -V  Print the version information and exit.


       When  connecting  to  a Sybase database server, it is required that the
       TDS 5.0 protocol be used. When connecting to  a  Microsoft  SQL  Server
       2000 database server, the TDS 8.0 protocol is required.

       Theoretically  both  Sybase and Microsoft support the TDS 4.2 protocol,
       but in reality they implement the bcp portion of TDS  4.2  differently.
       FreeTDS  has  no way of knowing which type of server it’s connected to,
       hence TDS protocol 4.2 is not supported.


       freebcp first appeared in FreeTDS 0.60


       The    freebcp    utility    was    written    by     Bill     Thompson


       Currently, there is no support for text data types in freebcp, when SQL
       Server 2000 is the target database.