fisql - interactive SQL shell
fisql [-e] [-F] [-g] [-p] [-n] [-v] [-X] [-Y]
[-a display_charset] [-c cmdend] [-E editor]
[-h headers] [-H hostname] [-i inputfile]
[-I interfaces_file] [-J client_charset]
[-l login_timeout] [-m errorlevel]
[-P password] [-s colseparator] [-S server]
[-t timeout] [-U username] [-w width]
[-y sybase_dir] [-z language]
fisql is very similar to the "isql" utility programs distributed by
Sybase and Microsoft. Like them, fisql uses the command "go" on a line
by itself as a separator between batches.
The client charset name. Not implemented.
Command terminator, defaults to go.
-e Echo SQL input (usually in outputfile)
Specify an editor to invoke. Defaults to vi.
-F FIPS mode ON. Server returns a message (but processes the query
anyway) when it encounters a non-standard SQL command.
-g Display a brief help message
Number of rows after which to repeat the column headers. Default
is once per resultset.
Hostname of the client machine as it will be told to the server.
Name of the interfaces or freetds.conf file to use.
Name of script file, containing SQL.
How long to wait for the server to acknowledge a login attempt.
For errors of the severity level specified or higher, print only
the message number, state, and error level. Below that level,
-n Suppress line numbers in echoed output.
Name of output file, holding result data.
-p Prints performance statistics. Not implemented.
Database server password.
The column separator. Default is space. Shell metacharacters
Database server to which to connect.
The query timeout, in seconds. How long to wait for a query to
be processed. The default is indefinitely, or as determined by
Database server login name.
-v Display version and copyright.
How many characters wide to print the output. Defaults to 80.
-X Use encrypted login. Not implemented in FreeTDS.
Sets the SYBASE environment variable. Not used by FreeTDS.
-Y Use chained transactions.
Name of a language for fisql’s prompts and messages. Cf.
fisql is a filter; it reads from standard input, writes to standard
output, and writes errors to standard error. The -i, -o, and -e options
override these, of course.
fisql uses the db-lib API provided by FreeTDS. It was first implemented
using Sybase’s own library and continues to work with it. Before (and
after) modifying it, it would be well to test it with Sybase’s library
to assure compatibility between it and FreeTDS.
fisql exits 0 on success, and >0 if the server cannot process the
fisql will report any errors returned by the server, but will continue
processing. In a production environment, this behavior may be
insufficiently stringent. To make it extremely intolerant of errors,
change the message and error handlers to call exit(3).
fisql first appeared in FreeTDS 0.65.
The fisql utility was written by Nicholas S. Castellano
<firstname.lastname@example.org>, who contributed it to the FreeTDS project under
the terms of the GPL.
Requires the GNU readline library.