eqn2graph - convert an EQN equation into a cropped image
eqn2graph [ -unsafe ] [ -format fmt ]
Reads an EQN equation (one line) as input; produces an image file (by
default in Portable Network Graphics format) suitable for the Web as
Your input EQN code should not have the .EQ/.EN preamble that that
normally precedes it within groff(1) macros; nor do you need to have
dollar-sign or other delimiters around the equation.
The output image will be clipped to the smallest possible bounding box
that contains all the black pixels. Older versions of convert(1) will
produce a black-on-white graphic; newer ones may produce a black-on-
transparent graphic. By specifying command-line options to be passed
to convert(1) you can give it a border, force the background
transparent, set the image’s pixel density, or perform other useful
This program uses eqn(1), groff(1), and the ImageMagick convert(1)
program. These programs must be installed on your system and
accessible on your $PATH for eqn2graph to work.
Run groff(1) in the ‘unsafe’ mode enabling the PIC macro sh to
execute arbitrary commands. The default is to forbid this.
Specify an output format; the default is PNG (Portable Network
Graphics). Any format that convert(1) can emit is supported.
Command-line switches and arguments not listed above are passed to
The eqn(1) initialization file.
The directory in which temporary files will be created. If this
is not set eqn2graph searches the environment variables TMPDIR,
TMP, and TEMP (in that order). Otherwise, temporary files will
be created in /tmp.
Due to changes in the behavior of ImageMagick convert(1) that are both
forward and backward-incompatible, mismatches between your eqn2graph
and convert(1) versions may produce zero-sized or untrimmed output
images. For this version of eqn2graph you will need a version of
convert(1) that supports the -trim option; older versions of eqn2graph
used -crop 0x0, which no longer has trimming behavior.
pic2graph(1), grap2graph(1), eqn(1), groff(1), gs(1), convert(1).
Eric S. Raymond <firstname.lastname@example.org>.