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       Disc-Cover - create front and back covers for audio CDs


       disc-cover [-2|second filename] [-b|flaptext text] [-a|additional text]
       -allmusic [-c|-casetype (jewel|slim|x-slim|tevion-slim|letter-slim)]
       [-C|Configuration filename] [-D|Device device] [-e|extended]
       [-f|file filename] [-h|help] [-H|Help] [-n|new] [-o|output filename]
       [-p filename|-pic filename] [-R|Remove] [-S|Server]
       [-t|type txt|dvi|tex|ps|pdf|cddb|lbl|html] [-u|uppercase] [-v|version]
       [-V|Verbose] [-va|-variousartists] -template_list


       Disc-Cover creates front and back covers for audio CDs. The CD has to
       be present in the CD-ROM drive, or alternatively a valid CDDB file can
       be used.  Disc-Cover searches the CDDB database for an entry
       corresponding to the CD’s CDDB ID. It starts by looking for a local
       CDDB entry in ~/.cddb (or another directory pointed to by your cddb
       installation). If no local CDDB entry matches the CD, disc-cover
       continues to search the online CDDB databases or CDINDEX databases as
       configured in the AudioCD library. It then formats the entry to produce
       a Latex, Dvi, Postscript or PDF file, which contains the front and back
       covers on a single page. Other formats supported include a simple text
       output, a CDDB compatible format, HTML and an output format that can be
       used with cdlabelgen
       (, another cover


       The easiest way of using Disc-Cover is to put an audio cd in your cdrom
       drive and then run disc-cover without options. Disc-Cover will tell you
       what it does and if it is able to create a set of covers it tells you
       the name of the file it creates. Normally this is a PostScript file
       that is ready for printing.


       The front cover shows artist, album title and when available extended
       disc info. Optionally a picture can be added to the front cover. The
       back cover holds the title and artist in the same fashion. In addition
       to those, the back cover lists the individual tracks, preceded by a
       track number and followed by their running time. The total running time
       of the CD is given at the bottom of the back cover. The sides of the
       back cover contain the artist and CD title.  Another flap hangs on the
       side of the right of the back cover. When using fully transparent jewel
       cases this flap is visible from the front. By default it holds the
       user’s full name. Colour is also supported.


       - Uses Latex to produce high quality output.
       - Outputs in Latex, Dvi, Postscript, Pdf, Cddb entry, HTML, Text and a
       format to use with cdlabelgen.
       - Supports caching of cddb entries in a directory that can be shared
       with other cddb-aware programs.
       - Connects with a cddb or cdindex server to get the disc title, artist
       and list of track titles and extended information where available.
       - Optionally put a picture on the front cover, supports almost any
       image format.
       - Optionally let Disc-Cover search on for a small version
       of the corresponding front cover of the cd, which it will put on your
       front cover.
       - Assign different colours to different items such as artist name and
       track numbers.
       - Supports double albums (two cds in one jewel case).
       - Creates covers for jewel cases and various slim cases.


       -2, -second filename
           When using this option disc-cover goes into double album mode,
           meaning it will print the front cover using the first cddb entry,
           either reading the cd in the drive or by using a file as described
           in "-f, -file filename" option. Then it prints the back cover with
           two halves, the upper half consists the title/artist and then the
           tracks of the first cd, the lower half contains the tracks of the
           second cd.

       -a, -additional text
           Add text to the bottom of the front cover. Default is to put
           extended disc information here. You can use this to cancel the
           extended disc information by doing ’-a " "’.

           Search on for the front cover of the album. This
           picture will be put on the front cover, just like with -p and -pic.
           These last options override this flag. This way you can enable
           -allmusic by default in the config file and override it whenever
           you need to.

       -b, -flaptext text
           Add text to the additional flap at the side of the back cover. This
           flap is visible when used with a fully transparent jewel case.
           These are becoming more common everyday. By default text from the
           password entry is used. We take the string from the comments field
           up until the first comma. Most times this should be the user’s full
           name. Cancel this text by using the configuration file or with ’-b
           " "’.

       -c, -casetype (jewel|slim|x-slim|tevion-slim|letter-slim)
           These options correspond with files in one of the
           @config_template_dirs which are templates that describe case types.
           You can also copy one of these files to your current directory,
           change it and let disc-cover use your own template.  The cases
           described next are delivered together with Disc-Cover.  Setting
           this to slim will have Disc-Cover output covers in a format
           suitable for slim cases. These are thinner cases often used for
           single cds or EPs. Use x-slim if you want the side and flap
           exchanged. Even more slim are the cases provided by Tevion (use:
           tevion-slim). For people using letter format that have trouble with
           not getting the whole case fitted on paper, please use letter-slim.

       -C, -Configuration filename
           Output configuration to a file. The current flags and options set
           in existing configuration files or given on the commandline are
           used to set the values.  To see the current settings do ;disc-cover
           -C -’.  For example, you can change the default output format to
           pdf as follows:

             disc-cover -t pdf -C ~/.disc-coverrc

       -D, -Device device
           Specify the CD-ROM device. Default is to use /dev/cdrom

       -e, -extended
           This flag enables extended track information, when available. This
           extended information will be added below the track names. It is
           mostly used in compilation cds for artist information. Sometimes
           this extended track information has been used for lyrics, needles
           to say this will not fit at the back of one cd cover and hence to
           prevent the destruction of the layout only the first line will be
           used. That is why this is an option instead of default behaviour.

       -f, -file filename
           Use filename as input instead of searching the local and online
           CDDB database. File should be a valid CDDB entry.

       -g, -genre
           Include the genre of the disc as the last line of the bottom text
           on the front cover.  The line looks like this: "genre: genre".
           Default is off, as often the wrong genre is used or even just misc
           or data has been chosen.

       -h, -help
           Print help message and exit.

       -H, -Help
           Show the manual page using pod2text, this should be installed and
           working (you can check this by typing ’pod2text

       -n, -new
           Creates a new cddb entry. This works with any format, but should be
           used in conjunction with ’-t cddb’ to create a template for you to
           fill in. See the "FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS" to create covers for
           your custom cds or for cds that are not in the CDDB database yet.

       -o, -output filename
           The -o switch allows to specify the name of the output file. By
           default the filename will be, where xxx is txt,
           tex, dvi, ps, pdf or html, depending on the file format. See -t
           option for supported file formats. Using "-o -" will send the
           output to standard output.

       -p filename
           Includes the picture filename on the front cover in a framed box
           right aligned with the artist name. The format of the picture has
           to be known to the program convert that comes with ImageMagick.
           Also the graphicx package for LaTeX has to be available. The
           picture is scaled to 200x200 and converted into Adobe Encapsulated
           PostScript Interchange format. Remember that output in tex, dvi,
           txt, html and labelgen are completely useless with pictures. In
           case of output in pdf the picture is transformed into Encapsulated
           Portable Document Format (EPDF).

       -pic filename
           Include a graphics file on the front cover without converting it.
           This only works when the format of the file is the same as the
           output format. In case of PostScript (PS) output you can use
           Encapsulated PostScript (EPS,EPSI) files. In case of Portable
           Document Format (PDF) you can use Encapsulated Portable Document
           Format (EPDF). Note that this is essentially the same option as in
           "-p filename" but no scaling or converting is performed. More
           responsibility goes to the user this way.

       -R, -Remove
           By default disc-cover deletes all temporary files it creates before
           it exits.  This behaviour can be overwritten by specifying the this
           option. For debugging purposes only.

       -S, -Server
           Create a default configuration for the selection of CDDB server.
           This configuration is used by other CDDB aware programs too, so be
           careful. Note that Disc-Cover will not overwrite the configuration

       -t, -type txt|tex|dvi|ps|pdf|cddb|lbl|html
           The -t switch allows to specify the output format. By default disc-
           cover will create a Postscript file. Other formats supported
           include ASCII text (txt), LaTeX (tex), DVI (dvi), PDF (pdf), cddb
           database format (cddb), a cdlabelgen compatible format (lbl) and in
           Hypertext Markup Language (html).

       -u, -uppercase
           Fixes those annoying entries that are written without capitals. It
           capitalises every single word in titles and artists.

       -v, -version
           Print version and program information and exit.

       -V, -Verbose
           Enable verbose output of Disc-Cover, the libaudiocd library and all
           third party software, such as LaTeX, dvips and convert. For
           debugging purposes.

       -va, -variousartists
           Some CDDB entries code every track in the ’artist / title’ format.
           Mostly, this is used for artists that contain various artists. By
           enabling this option Disc-Cover will decode and use that

           Prints a list of output template types and their descriptions.


       Disc-cover first checks the file /etc/disc-cover.conf for system wide
       parameters and then looks at ~/.disc-coverrc. Following are all the
       different variables that can be set. The file ~/.cdserverrc is used
       indirectly through the AudioCD library. This file contains the CDDB and
       CDINDEX servers. Furthermore it can be used to control certain other
       options of this library. See the appropriate documentation.

       You can generate a configuration file with the "-C, -Configuration
       filename" option. Keep in mind that the values in this file will be set
       by looking at the current settings. That is, any existing configuration
       files or options on the commandline will be used.

       To make a clean configuration file, first remove the ~/.disc-coverrc
       file and then run Disc-Cover without any option but ’-C’: disc-cover -C

           This will be used in the future by new versions of Disc-Cover to
           check for inconsistencies in changed, removed or added
           configuration options.

            Default: '1.4.0';

           This sets the directory that is used for temporary files.

            Default: '/tmp';

           This is the default output format. Although you can choose any of
           the types listed in ’disc-cover -h’ option the most common would be
           ’ps’ or ’pdf’.

            Default: 'ps';

           The default cdrom drive that is used to scan a cd. See "-D, -Device

            Default: '/dev/cdrom';

           The path where cddb entries are stored in and retrieved from. This
           can be shared with other programs that also use cddb.

            Default: "$ENV{HOME}/.cddb";

           Setting this to one will force disc-cover to include extended track
           information. See "-e, -extended" option. It is advised to keep this
           0 as there are lots of entries that contain ugly and meaningless
           extended information. Most of the time it is only useful in case of
           various artists cds.

            Default: 0;

           Setting this to one will force disc-cover to parse every track the
           same way it parses the ’artist / title’ label. This might be useful
           for various artist cds where every track is formatted in the same
           way. It is adviced to leave this option 0, as disc-cover will issue
           a warning whenever it encounters such a disc.  You can easily turn
           it on with "-va, -variousartists"

            Default: 0;

           Setting this flag during the processing of a double cd (using the
           "-2, -second" option) enables a ’smart’ algorithm that attempts to
           find a nice title for the cd, using the titles of both cddb
           entries. It will remove all characters unequal in both strings, and
           gets rid of any characters surrounding uncommon parts. Last, it
           removes the words ’disc’ and ’disk’, plus any whitespace at the
           beginning or end., -second>> option) enables a ’smart’ algorithm
           that attempts to find a nice title for the cd, using the titles of
           both cddb entries. It will remove all characters unequal in both
           strings, and gets rid of any characters surrounding uncommon parts.
           Last, it removes the words ’disc’ and ’disk’, plus any whitespace
           at the beginning or end.

            Default: 1;

           By setting this an additional line will be added to the bottom of
           the bottom text on the front cover with the genre (taken from the
           database) of the disc. See -g, -genre option.

            Default: 0;

           Setting this flag does the same as the -allmusic option. That is,
           Disc-Cover will search for a cover picture on allmusic to be put on
           the front cover.

            Default: 0;

           Setting this flag does the same as the -u,-uppercase option. That
           is, Disc-Cover will capitalise every single word in titles and

            Default: 0;

           This is a list of colours that can be set to alter most of the
           different items that appear on the covers. You can change the
           colour of the title, artist, discinfo, track strings, track numbers
           and track times independently. Use colours from the color.sty Latex
           file: black, white, red, green, blue, cyan, magenta and yellow.

            Default: ( title => 'black',
                       artist => 'black',
                       discinfo => 'black',
                       track_number => 'black',
                       track_string => 'black',
                       track_time => 'black',
                       track_extended => 'black'
                       track_artist => 'black'
                       flaptext => 'black',

           This takes the string from the comments field of the user’s
           password entry. We use only the text up until the first comma,
           which normally is set to the user’s full name. You can also put a
           simple string here or an empty one to cancel the output. See also
           "-b, -flaptext text" option.

            Default: split ',', (getpwuid($<)))[6];

           This determines for which type of case output is generated. It
           searches for a template file in all the @config_template_dirs with
           the same name.

            Default: "jewel";

           If you create a template that requires special LaTeX packages, they
           can be added here. Generally not advised if you want to share your
           templates with others as they need to own those LaTeX packages, and
           add them to Disc-Cover’s configuration file.

            Default: "";

           Whenever you create cds with languages not normally supported by
           LaTeX you should add or change this. It calls
           \usepackage[$latex_language_encoding]{inputenc}. Main encodings
           are, latin1 for ISO Latin-1, ascii for pure ASCII, ansinew and
           cp1252 (they are synonyms) for Windows 3.1 ANSI (an MS extension of
           ISO Latin-1) and applemac for Apple MacIntosh.

            Default: "latin1";


       Here you might find an answer between the FAQs.

   Q: I get the following error (or similar), whats wrong?
        "Can't locate HTTP/ in @INC (@INC contains:
        /usr/lib/perl5/5.00502/i586-linux /usr/lib/perl5/5.00502
        /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.005/i586-linux /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.005 .)
        at ./disc-cover line 811.
        BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at ./disc-cover line 811."

       A: Install the Perl modules called libwww-perl, HTML-Parser, URI, and
       MIME-Base64, which can be found at or at the ’more
       stuff...’  directory on the homepage of Disc-Cover. See the file
       INSTALL for more details.

   Q: I get the following error with the option -V, whats wrong?
        "Disc-Cover: running verbose version x.x.x (config y.y.y)
        Disc-Cover: creating tmp dir (/tmp/disc-cover-4436)
        Disc-Cover: calling Audio-CD library...
        Trying CDDB server cddbp://:0/
        Connection error: No such file or directory
        Could not establish connection with any CDDB servers!
        Disc-Cover: ...back from call to Audio-CD library.
        Disc-Cover: Audio-CD library says success, let's continue"

       A: You have no CDDB servers configured. Either use the wonderful
       program cdcd to create such a configuration or run disc-cover with the
       options -S.

   Q: How do I make a cover for homemade cds?
       A: Follow these steps.

       1. Insert the homemade cd.

       2. Run disc-cover like this:
           disc-cover -n -t cddb -o myfile.cddb

       3. Edit the myfile.cddb with some text editor, the tracks will all be
          "Untitled". This should be very easy.

       4. For printable output run disc-cover again:
           disc-cover -f myfile.cddb

   Q: I have been using 1.0.1. under SuSE 7.3 for a while an want to upgrade
       to 1.3.X or higher However, Audio-CD does not compile.
       A:  You have to install lbcdaudio first. Your distribution does not
       contain it, or it does not install it with the standard setup.

   Q: After installation all my CDs are reread from the internet.
       A: Run the following commands (from a script, if you like)

         cd ~/.cddb
         ln -s . blues
         ln -s . classical
         ln -s . country
         ln -s . data
         ln -s . folk
         ln -s . jazz
         ln -s . newage
         ln -s . reggae
         ln -s . rock
         ln -s . soundtrack
         ln -s . misc

   Q: Q3. Mike Oliphants grip creates cddb-files with track-artist held in a
       special field called TARTIST0, TARTIST1, ...  Why cant disc-cover
       print these lables appropriately by the "-va" option?
       A: Unfortunately Mike’s idea to invent new tags for the track artist
       violates the freedb-conventions for handling samplers. There will be no
       support for this.

   Q: How to cut the covers?
       A: This is my routine for jewel cases, just one way of doing it. I
       start with the front cover.  I cut it with two cuts along the width of
       the paper. This results in a front cover with two pieces of paper along
       the sides. These are folded backwards to help the cover keep in place
       when it is inserted in the jewel case. The back cover is just cut with
       four cuts.

   Q: When I print my cover from PDF in Acrobat Reader the resulting covers
       are too small. How come?
       A: Hendrik Neumann <>: The problem is the option ’Fit to
       page’ that makes Acrobat Reader scale the page before printing. Turn it
       off before attempting to print.

   Q: Im not root and I want to install Audio::CD
       A: Adam Spiers <>: make sure that the correct parameters
       are given to the perl Makefile.PL file as follows:

         perl Makefile.PL LIBS="-L/nfs-home/adams/local/lib -lcdaudio" \
         INC=-I/nfs-home/adams/software/libcdaudio-0.99.6/source PREFIX=~

   Q: How do I make covers for double cds?
       A: Follow these steps:

       1. insert the second disc

       2. Run disc-cover:
           disc-cover -t cddb -o disc2.cddb

       3. replace the second disc with the first

       4. Run disc-cover again:
           disc-cover -2 disc2.cddb

   Q: The quality of the picture is reduced!
       A: The image is resized to 200x200 pixels, this is to make sure that
       the size of the resulting eps or pdf picture is not too large. You can
       work around this by converting your picture yourself, for example with
       jpeg2ps, and then including this in your cover using the ’-pic’ option.
       This options includes files as they are.

   Q: I want Disc-Cover to have this specific feature, what now?
       A: Send me an e-mail with your feature or better yet, implement it
       yourself and send me a patch file. This does not guarantee that your
       feature will be in any future version though. I would like to keep
       Disc-Cover as simple to use as possible. But, sometimes I can’t resist
       to put in something new, or the number of e-mails on one feature grows
       large enough for me to add it to Disc-Cover.

   Q: I run Disc-Cover and it does not produce a correct cover, whats wrong?
       A: I don’t know! If you e-mail the problem I can try to fix it. When
       you mail some error please remember to state the problem as exact as
       you can and to include the cddb entry (save it with ’disc-cover -t
       cddb’). Also, two debug options are included. Use "-V, -Verbose" to get
       verbose output of what the program is doing. This helps me locate the
       problem if you email me your problem. Use "-R, -Remove" to prevent
       disc-cover from deleting temporary files. This enables you to examine
       intermediate files (.tex, .div, pictures).


           System wide configuration file (for its format see
           "CONFIGURATION")). All its items can be overridden in a user
           configuration file.

           User configuration file (for its format see "CONFIGURATION").

           Configuration of the AudioCD library. Use this to select which
           servers are to be used.


       1.  Whenever there is more than one file in the cddb cache directory
           disc-cover will issue a warning and just use the first one it

       2.  Not possible to use CDINDEX files as input.

       3.  The layout of the tracks can be slightly deformed when special
           international characters or any other tall characters appear in the


       disc-cover is written and maintained by J.I. van Hemert
       <> You can find the latest version on The program is licensed
       under the GNU Public License. More information about this license is in
       the source package in the file COPYING or on