Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper


   General Options:
       foomatic-rip [-v] [-q] <spooler-specific options>

   Spooler-less printing/CPS (older versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip [-P <printer>  |  --ppd  <ppdfile> ]  [-J <jobtitle> ] [-o
        <option>=<value>  [...]]  [<files>]

   CUPS filter:
       foomatic-rip <jobid> <user> <jobtitle> <numcopies> <options> [<file>]

   LPRng filter:
       rip --lprng [-J<jobtitle>][-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]] <ppdfile>

       rip  [-J<jobtitle>][-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]]
       (printcap :pdd=<ppdfile>)

       rip --ppd <ppdfile>[-J<jobtitle>] [-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]]

   LPD/GNUlpr filter:
       rip [-w <number>] [-l <number>] [-x <number>] [-y <number>] [-i <number>] [-c] [-n <string>] [-h <string>] [-j|-J <jobtitle>|<options>] <ppdfile>

       foomatic-rip [<option>=<value> [...]]

   PPR interface:
       rip <queue> <destaddress> <options> <jobbreak> <feedback> <codes> <jobname> <routing> <for> <filetype> [<file>]

   PDQ driver file generation:
       rip [--ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] --genpdq|--appendpdq|--genrawpdq|--appendrawpdq

   PDQ filter:
       foomatic-rip --pdq --ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] <file>

   CPS (newer versions) filter:
       rip --cps -P <printer> [-J <jobtitle>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] [<files>]


       foomatic-rip  is  a universal print filter which works with every known
       free software printer spooler. It has the following features:

       It translates PostScript and PDF (and also  other  file  formats)  from
       standard  input  to  the  printer's  native  language  (usually  put to
       standard output).

       The translation is done with an external renderer, usually  Ghostscript
       (gs(1)).   If   no  translation  is  needed  (PostScript  printer)  the
       renderer's command line reduces to cat(1). The way how this translation
       is done is described in a PPD file.

       Printer  capabilities, how to handle user options, and how to build the
       renderer command line is always described by PPD files, these PPD files
       usually  come  from  Foomatic  or  can  be  the  ones  supplied  by the
       manufacturers of PostScript printers. The PPD files are  the  same  for
       all spoolers.

       foomatic-rip  works with every known spooler (CUPS, LPRng, LPD, GNUlpr,
       PPR, PDQ, CPS, and without spooler). It auto-detects the  spooler  from
       which  it  was  called  by  the  command  line  options and environment
       variables which were supplied by the spooler.

       Non-PostScript/PDF files are translated to PostScript before  they  are
       passed  to  the renderer. This is usually done by a2ps(1), enscript(1),
       or mpage(1). foomatic-rip auto-detects which program is installed,  but
       manual configuration is also possible.

       foomatic-rip  does  not only apply option settings supplied by the user
       through the command line of the printing command, but also searches the
       entire  job  for  embedded option settings (only PostScript jobs). Here
       not only settings affectimg the whole job are taken into  account,  but
       also  settings  in  the page headers, which are only valid for the page
       where they were found, so applications which  produce  PostScript  code
       with page-specific printer option settings are fully supported.


       -v        verbose mode for debugging.  WARNING: This will create a file
                 in /tmp that contains the debugging information.  This  opens
                 a security loophole and should not be used in production.

       -q        quiet mode - minimal information output

       -P <printer>
                 <printer>  is the configured printer which should be used for
                 this job.

       --ppd <ppdfile>
                 The PPD file <ppdfile> should be applied for processing  this

       -J <jobtitle>
                 The <jobtitle> will be printed in the head line of every page
                 of a plain text job.

       -o <option>=<value>
                 Option settings for this job, do

                 foomatic-rip -P <printer> -o docs <file>

                 (<file> can be an arbitrary existing file, as  .bashrc,  will
                 not  be printed) to print a list of available options for the
                 specified <printer>.

       <files>   The file(s) to be printed.

       foomatic-rip will print from standard input unless at least one file to
       be  printed is specified on the command line.  If your printer PPD file
       is        stored        as         /etc/direct/<printer>.ppd         or
       ~/.foomatic/direct/<printer>.ppd  you  can  use it by simply specifying
       "-P <printer>".

       Put a line

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| <command>"

       into the PPD file, right after *PPD-Adobe: "4.3", where <command> is  a
       command  into  which  you wnat to re-direct the output data. Due to the
       restrictions of PPD files <, >, and " are not allowed in the <command>,
       replace them as follows:

       Character Replacement
            <    &lt;
            >    &gt;
            "    &quot;
            '    &apos;
            &    &amp;

       This way you can print directly to your printer, use

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/lp0"


       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/usb/lp0"

       for  local parallel or USB printers. To make normal users able to print
       this way add them to the group lp and make sure  that  the  appropriate
       printer device file /dev/... is group-writable for the lp group.

       for a TCP/Socket/JetDirect printer with the host name printer listening
       on port 9100 you need this:

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| /usr/bin/nc -w 1 printer 9100"

       Note the "-w 1" in  the  "nc"  command  line,  it  makes  "nc"  exiting
       immediately after the data is transferred to the printer.

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| rlpr -Plp@printserver"

       directs  your  jobs  to  the  LPD printer queue lp on the machine named

       See also


       See   the    documentation    on    the    OpenPrinting    Web    site:


       The  file  /etc/foomatic/filter.conf  is  read whenever foomatic-rip is
       executed. It allows  to  configure  the  behavior  of  foomatic-rip  as
       follows  (lines  beginning  with  #  are  comments  and  therefore  get

       textfilter: <command>
                 Selects the filter for input files which are  not  PostScript
                 or  PDF.   <command>  is  one  of  a2ps,  enscript, or mpage.
                 foomatic-rip auitomatically selects the needed  command  line

       debug: 0|1
                 Turns on (1) or off (0) the debug mode. This is equivalent to
                 supplying the --debug command line option. Default setting is

       ps_accounting: 0|1
                 Turns  on  (1)  or off (0) inserting PostScript code for page
                 accounting into PostScript jobs. The inserted PostScript code
                 makes  Ghostscript generating accounting output on stderr and
                 CUPS can this way log each page which got printed.  The  code
                 will only be inserted if CUPS is the spooler. Default setting
                 is 1.

       echo: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets the path to an echo(1) executable which supports -n.

       gspath: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets the path to the Ghostscript (gs(1))  executable.  To  be
                 used  if  Ghostscript  is at a non-standard location or if an
                 alternative Ghostscript should be used.

       execpath: <path>[:<path>]...
                 Sets the $PATH variable to be used by foomatic-rip.

       cupsfilterpath: <path>[:<path>]...
                 Sets the directories (colon-separated) in which  foomatic-rip
                 searches for CUPS filters.

       preferred_shell: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets    the   preferred   shell   to   use   when   executing
                 FoomaticRIPCommandLine and friends.  Several  PPD  files  use
                 shell  constructs that require a more modern shell like bash,
                 zsh, or ksh.



               The PPD files of the currently defined printers


               Configuration file for foomatic-rip


       foomatic-rip returns 0 unless something unexpected happens.


       Till  Kamppeter  <>  with  parts   of   Manfred
       Wassmanns's  <>  man pages for the Foomatic
       2.0.x filters.


       None so far.

       Please send bug reports to the Foomatic mailing list: