db2x_xsltproc - XSLT processor invocation wrapper
db2x_xsltproc [options] xml-document
db2x_xsltproc invokes the XSLT 1.0 processor for docbook2X.
This command applies the XSLT stylesheet (usually given by the
--stylesheet option) to the XML document in the file xml-document. The
result is written to standard output (unless changed with --output).
To read the source XML document from standard input, specify - as the
Display the docbook2X version.
TRANSFORMATION OUTPUT OPTIONS
--output file, -o file
Write output to the given file (or URI), instead of standard
SOURCE DOCUMENT OPTIONS
Process XInclude directives in the source document.
Indicate that the input document is SGML instead of XML. You
need this set this option if xml-document is actually a SGML
SGML parsing is implemented by conversion to XML via sgml2xml(1)
from the SP package (or osx(1) from the OpenSP package). All tag
names in the SGML file will be normalized to lowercase (i.e. the
-xlower option of sgml2xml(1) is used). ID attributes are
available for the stylesheet (i.e. option -xid). In addition,
any ISO SDATA entities used in the SGML document are
automatically converted to their XML Unicode equivalents. (This
is done by a sed filter.)
The encoding of the SGML document, if it is not us-ascii, must
be specified with the standard SP environment variables:
SP_CHARSET_FIXED=1 SP_ENCODING=encoding. (Note that XML files
specify their encoding with the XML declaration <?xml
version="1.0" encoding="encoding" ?> at the top of the file.)
The above conversion options cannot be changed. If you desire
different conversion options, you should invoke sgml2xml(1)
manually, and then pass the results of that conversion to this
--catalogs catalog-files, -C catalog-files
Specify additional XML catalogs to use for resolving Formal
Public Identifiers or URIs. SGML catalogs are not supported.
These catalogs are not used for parsing an SGML document under
the --sgml option. Use the environment variable
SGML_CATALOG_FILES instead to specify the catalogs for parsing
the SGML document.
db2x_xsltproc will normally refuse to load external resources
from the network, for security reasons. If you do want to load
from the network, set this option.
Usually you want to have installed locally the relevent DTDs and
other files, and set up catalogs for them, rather than load them
automatically from the network.
--stylesheet file, -s file
Specify the filename (or URI) of the stylesheet to use. The
special values man and texi are accepted as abbreviations, to
specify that xml-document is in DocBook and should be converted
to man pages or Texinfo (respectively).
--param name=expr, -p name=expr
Add or modify a parameter to the stylesheet. name is a XSLT
parameter name, and expr is an XPath expression that evaluates
to the desired value for the parameter. (This means that strings
must be quoted, in addition to the usual quoting of shell
arguments; use --string-param to avoid this.)
--string-param name=string, -g name=string
Add or modify a string-valued parameter to the stylesheet.
The string must be encoded in UTF-8 (regardless of the locale
DEBUGGING AND PROFILING
Display, to standard error, logs of what is happening during the
--nesting-limit n, -D n
Change the maximum number of nested calls to XSL templates, used
to detect potential infinite loops. If not specified, the limit
is 500 (libxslt’s default).
Display profile information: the total number of calls to each
template in the stylesheet and the time taken for each. This
information is output to standard error.
--xslt-processor processor, -X processor
Select the underlying XSLT processor used. The possible choices
for processor are: libxslt, saxon, xalan-j.
The default processor is whatever was set when docbook2X was
built. libxslt is recommended (because it is lean and fast),
but SAXON is much more robust and would be more helpful when
All the processors have XML catalogs support enabled.
(docbook2X requires it.) But note that not all the options
above work with processors other than the libxslt one.
Specify XML Catalogs. If not specified, the standard catalog
(/etc/xml/catalog) is loaded, if available.
Specify the XSLT processor to use. The effect is the same as
the --xslt-processor option. The primary use of this variable is
to allow you to quickly test different XSLT processors without
having to add --xslt-processor to every script or make file in
your documentation build system.
XML Stylesheet Language – Transformations (XSLT), version 1.0
〈http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt〉 , a W3C Recommendation.
In its earlier versions (< 0.8.4), docbook2X required XSLT extensions
to run, and db2x_xsltproc was a special libxslt-based processor that
had these extensions compiled-in. When the requirement for XSLT
extensions was dropped, db2x_xsltproc became a Perl script which
translates the options to db2x_xsltproc to conform to the format
accepted by the stock xsltproc(1) which comes with libxslt.
The prime reason for the existence of this script is backward
compatibility with any scripts or make files that invoke docbook2X.
However, it also became easy to add in support for invoking other XSLT
processors with a unified command-line interface. Indeed, there is
nothing special in this script to docbook2X, or even to DocBook, and it
may be used for running other sorts of stylesheets if you desire.
Certainly the author prefers using this command, because its invocation
format is sane and is easy to use. (e.g. no typing long class names for
the Java-based processors!)
Steve Cheng <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
The docbook2X manual (in Texinfo or HTML format) fully describes how to
convert DocBook to man pages and Texinfo.
Up-to-date information about this program can be found at the docbook2X
Web site 〈http://docbook2x.sourceforge.net/〉 .
You may wish to consult the documentation that comes with libxslt,
SAXON, or Xalan. The W3C XSLT 1.0 specification would be useful for