Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       blackbox - a window manager for X11


       blackbox -help | -version
       blackbox [ -rc rcfile ] [ -display display ]


       Blackbox  is  a  window  manager  for the Open Group’s X Window System,
       Version 11 Release 6 and above.  Its design is  meant  to  be  visually
       minimalist and fast.

       Blackbox is similar to the NeXT interface and Windowmaker. Applications
       are launched using a menu which is accessed by right  clicking  on  the
       root  window.  Workspaces,  a system of virtual desktops are controlled
       via a menu which is accessed by middle clicking on the root window  and
       by  using  the toolbar. Individual windows can be controlled by buttons
       on the title bar and more options are available by  right  clicking  on
       the title bar.

       Blackbox is able to generate beautiful window decorations on the fly at
       high speed. Themes, called styles in  Blackbox  terminology,  are  very
       flexible  but  the  use  of  pixmaps  has  been purposefully avoided to
       eliminate dependencies and excess memory usage.

       Blackbox itself does not directly handle key bindings like  most  other
       window  managers.  This  task  is  handled by a separate utility called
       bbkeys. Although Blackbox has a  built-in  workspace  (paging)  system,
       bbpager,  which provides a graphical pager, is popular with many users.
       bbkeys, bbpager and several other bbtools can be found by going to


       The slit is an edge of the screen which  can  hold  specially  designed
       programs  called dock apps (from Windowmaker). In addition, the popular
       program gkrellm will also run in the slit.  There is a  huge  selection
       of  dockapps available and they run the gamut from must-have gadgets to
       utterly useless (but cute and/or funny) eye candy.



       Blackbox supports the following command line options:

       -help  Display command line options, compiled-in features, and exit.

              Display version and exit.

       -rc rcfile
              Use an alternate resource file.

       -display display
              Start Blackbox on the specified display,  and  set  the  DISPLAY
              environment  variable  to  this  value  for  programs started by


       The most common method for  starting  Blackbox  is  to  place  the  the
       command  "blackbox"  (no  quotes)  at  the  end  of  your ~/.xinitrc or
       ~/.xsession file.  The advantage of putting Blackbox at the end of  the
       file  is  that  the  X  Server  will  shutdown  when you exit Blackbox.
       Blackbox can also be started  from  the  command  line  of  a  terminal
       program  like xterm in an X session that does not already have a window
       manager running.

       On startup, Blackbox will look for ~/.blackboxrc and use  the  resource
       session.menuFile  to  determine  where to get the menu for the session.
       If this file is not found Blackbox will use /etc/X11/blackbox/blackbox-
       menu  as  the  menu  file.  If  that  fails as well Blackbox will use a
       default menu that contains commands  to  start  an  xterm  as  well  as
       restart  and exit the window manager.  The other resources available in
       the ~/.blackboxrc file are discussed later in  this  manual  under  the
       heading RESOURCE FILE.

       On exit, Blackbox writes its current configuration to ~/.blackboxrc.

            If ~/.blackboxrc is modified during a Blackbox
            session, Blackbox must be restarted with the
            "restart" command on the main menu or the changes
            will be lost on exit. Restart causes Blackbox to
            re-read ~/.blackboxrc and apply the changes immediately.

       Blackbox  can be exited by selecting "exit" on the main menu (discussed
       shortly), killing it gently from a terminal or by the X  Window  System
       shutdown hot key combo Ctrl+Alt+BackSpace.


       A  three  button mouse has the following functions when clicking on the
       root window:

       Button Two  (Middle Button)
              Open workspace menu

       Button Three  (Right Button)
              Open main menu

       Note that Button One (Left Button) is not used.

       Main Menu
              The default installation assumes you have a number of  common  X
              Window  System  programs in their typical locations. The default
              menu is defined by a plain text file named ’menu’. It is heavily
              commented  and  covers  a number of details of menu file syntax.
              This file can also be edited graphically by using the  extension
              program  bbconf  which  makes menu creation very easy. Menu file
              syntax is discussed later in this manual.

                   Menus can run arbitrary command lines, but
                   if you wish to use a complex command line
                   it is best to place it in a shell script.
                   Remember to put #!/bin/sh on the first
                   line and chmod 755 on the file to make it

       Workspace Menu
              This menu gives the user control of the  workspace  system.  The
              user can create a new workspace, remove the last workspace or go
              to an application via either the icon menu or a workspace entry.
              Workspaces  are  listed  by name. Clicking on the workspace name
              will take you to that workspace with focus on the program  under
              the  mouse.  If  there  are  programs  already  running  in  the
              workspace, they will appear in a pop-out menu.  Clicking on  the
              application  name  will  jump  to  the  workspace and focus that
              application. If a middle  click  is  used  the  window  will  be
              brought to the current workspace.

              Blackbox  uses  an  external  program,  bbpager,  to  provide  a
              traditional, graphical paging interface to the workspace system.
              Many  Blackbox users run another extension program - bbkeys - to
              provide keyboard shortcuts for workspace control.

                   To name a workspace the user must right
                   click on the toolbar, select "Edit current
                   workspace name," type the workspace name,
                   And_Press_Enter to finish.

              Workspaces  can  also  be  named  in  the  .blackboxrc  file  as
              described in RESOURCES.

       The Slit
              The Slit provides a user positionable window for running utility
              programs called "dockapps". To learn more about  dockapps  refer
              to   the  web  sites  mentioned  in  the  Description.  Dockapps
              automatically run in the slit in most cases, but may  require  a
              special  command switch.  Often, -w is used for "withdrawn" into
              the slit.

              gkrellm is a very useful and modern dockapp that gives the  user
              near   real  time  information  on  machine  performance.  Other
              dockapps  include  clocks,  notepads,  pagers,   key   grabbers,
              fishbowls, fire places and many, many others.

              Only  mouse  button three is captured by the Blackbox slit. This
              menu allows the user to change the position  of  the  slit,  and
              sets  the  state  of  Always on top, and Auto hide. These all do
              what the user expects.

                   When starting Dockapps from an external script
                   a race condition can take place where the shell
                   rapidly forks all of the dockapps, which then
                   take varied and random times to draw themselves
                   for the first time. To get the dockapps to start
                   in a given order, follow each dockapp with
                   sleep 2; This ensures that each dockapp is placed
                   in the correct order by the slit.

                   speyes -w & sleep 2
                   gkrellm -w & sleep 2

       The Toolbar
              The toolbar provides an alternate  method  for  cycling  through
              multiple  workspaces  and  applications.  The  left  side of the
              toolbar is the workspace control, the center is the  application
              control,  and the right side is a clock. The format of the clock
              can be controlled as described under RESOURCES.

              Mouse button 3 raises a menu that allows  configuration  of  the
              toolbar. It can be positioned either at the top or the bottom of
              the screen and can be set to auto hide and/or to  always  be  on

                   The toolbar is a permanent fixture. It
                   can only be removed by modifying the source and
                   rebuilding, which is beyond the scope of this
                   document. Setting the toolbar to auto hide is
                   the next best thing.

       Window Decorations
              Window decorations include handles at the bottom of each window,
              a title bar, and three control  buttons.   The  handles  at  the
              bottom  of  the window are divided into three sections.  The two
              corner sections are resizing handles The  center  section  is  a
              window moving handle. The bottom center handle and the title bar
              respond to a number of  mouse  clicks  and  key  +  mouse  click
              combinations. The three buttons in the title bar, left to right,
              are iconify, maximize, and close. The resize button has  special
              behavior detailed below.

       Button One  (Left Button)
              Click  and  drag  on  titlebar  to  move  or  resize from bottom
              corners.  Click the iconify button to move  the  window  to  the
              icon  list.   Click  the  maximize  button to fully maximize the
              window.   Click  the  close  button  to  close  the  window  and
              application.  Double-Click the title bar to shade the window.

       Alt + Button One
              Click anywhere on client window and drag to move the window.

       Button Two  (Middle Button)
              Click  the  titlebar  to  lower  the window.  Click the maximize
              button to maximize the window vertically.

       Button Three  (Right Button)
              Click on title bar or bottom center handle pulls down a  control
              menu.    Click  the  maximize  button  to  maximize  the  window

       Alt + Button Three
              Click anywhere on client window and drag to resize the window.

       The control menu contains:

       Send To ...

                   Button One  (Left Button)
                   Click to send this window to another workspace.

                   Button Two  (Middle Button)
                   Click to send this window to another workspace, change
                   to that workspace and keep the application focused.
                   as well.

       Shade  This is the same action as Double-Click with Button One.

              Hide the window.  It can be accessed with the icon menu.

              Toggle window maximization.

       Raise  Bring window to the front above the other windows and
              focus it.

       Lower  Drop the window below the other ones.

       Stick  Stick this window to the glass on the inside of
              the monitor so it does not hide when you change

       Kill Client
              This kills the client program with -SIGKILL (-9)
              Only use this as a last resort.

       Close  Send a close signal to the client application.


       Styles are a collection of colors, fonts, and textures that control the
       appearance  of  Blackbox.  These  characteristics are recorded in style
       files.   The   default   system   style   files    are    located    in
       /usr/share/blackbox/styles.  The menu system will identify the style by
       its filename, and styles can be sorted into  different  directories  at
       the user’s discretion.

       There  are  over  700  styles  available  for  Blackbox.  The  official
       distribution point for Blackbox styles is


       All themes should install by simply downloading  them  to  ~/.blackbox/
       then unzip it, and de-tar it.

       On open Unixes this will be:

       tar zxvf stylename.tar.gz

       On commercial Unixes this will be something like:

       gunzip stylename.tar.gz && tar xvf stylename.tar

       Check  your  system  manuals  for  specifics or check with your network

       An entry should appear in the styles menu immediately.

            Security Warning
            Style files can execute shell scripts and other
            executables. It would is wise to check the
            rootCommand in the style file and make sure that
            it is benign.

       Things that go wrong.

       1. The theme is pre Blackbox 0.51.
              Style file syntax changed with version 0.51

       2. The style tarball was formatted incorrectly.
              Some styles  use  the  directories  ~/.blackbox/Backgrounds  and

              This  can  fixed by adding a [stylemenu] (~/.blackbox/Styles) to
              your menu file. To be a complete purist,  hack  the  style  file
              with  the  correct  paths  and  move  the files into the correct

       3. The rootCommmand line is broken.
              The rootCommand line in the style file  will  run  an  arbitrary
              executable.  It  is  important  that  this  executable be set to
              bsetbg to maintain portability between  systems  with  different
              graphics software. In addition bsetbg can execute a shell script
              and do it in a portable fashion as well.

       The documented method for creating styles is as follows:

       1. Create or acquire the background for the style if
              it will not be using bsetroot to draw a patterned background for
              the root window.

                   Blackbox runs on a wide variety
                   of systems ranging from PCs with 640x480 256 color
                   displays to ultra high speed workstations with 25"
                   screens and extreme resolution. For best results a
                   style graphic should be at least 1024x768.

       2. Create a style file.
              The best way to do this is to make a copy of a similar style and
              then edit it.

              The style file is a list  of  X  resources  and  other  external
              variables.   Manipulating   these   variables  allows  users  to
              completely change the appearance of Blackbox. The user can  also
              change  the  root  window  image  by  using  the wrapper program

              bsetbg knows how to use a number of programs  to  set  the  root
              window image. This makes styles much more portable since various
              platforms have different graphics software. For  more  info  see
              bsetbg (1).

       3. Background images should be placed in
              ~/.blackbox/backgrounds  The  style  file  should  be  placed in
              ~/.blackbox/styles any other information about the style  should
              be  placed in ~/.blackbox/about/STYLE_NAME/.  This would include
              README files, licenses, etc.

              Previous versions of Blackbox  put  backgrounds  and  styles  in
              different directories. The directories listed above are the only
              officially supported directories.   However  you  may  put  them
              whereever  you  like  as long as you update your menu file so it
              knows where to find your styles.

       4. To create a consistent experience and to ensure
              portability between all systems  it  is  important  to  use  the
              following format to create your style archive.

              first create a new directory named after your style NEW_STYLE

              In this directory create the directories


              Next  put  everything  for the theme in these locations. Finally

              tar cvzf NEW_STYLE.tar.gz *

              If you are using commercial Unix you may need to  use  gzip  and
              tar separately.

              Now  when  a  user downloads a new style file she knows that all
              she has to do is put the  tarball  in  her  Blackbox  directory,
              unzip->un-tar it and then click on it in her style menu.

       Style File Syntax and Details

              By  far  the easiest way to create a new style is to use bbconf.
              bbconf allows complete control of every facet of style files and
              gives  immediate  updates  of  the  current style as changes are

              The style file format is not currently documented in a man page.
              There  is  a  readme  document included with the Blackbox source
              containing this information.


       The default menu file is installed in  /etc/X11/blackbox/blackbox-menu.
       This  menu  can  be customized as a system default menu or the user can
       create a personal menu.

       To create a personal menu copy the default menu to a file in your  home
       directory.   Then,  open  ~/.blackboxrc  and add or modify the resource
       session.menuFile:  ~/.blackbox/menu

       Next, edit the new menu file.  This  can  be  done  during  a  Blackbox
       session and the menu will automatically be updated when the code checks
       for file changes.

       The  default  menu  included  with  Blackbox  has   numerous   comments
       describing  the  use  of  all  menu commands. Menu commands follow this
       general form:

       [command]  (label|filename) {shell command|filename}

       Blackbox menu commands:

          #    string...
              Hash (or pound or number sign) is used as the comment delimiter.
              It  can  be  used  as  a  full line comment or as an end of line
              comment after a valid command statement.

       [begin]  (string)
              This tag is used only once at the beginning of  the  menu  file.
              "string" is the name or description used at the top of the menu.

              This tag is used at the end of the menu file and at the end of a
              submenu block.

       [exec]  (label string) {command string}
              This  is  a  very  flexible  tag  that allows the user to run an
              arbitrary shell command including shell scripts. If a command is
              too  large to type on the command line by hand it is best to put
              it in a shell script.

       [nop]  (label string)
              This tag is used to put a divider in the menu.  label string  is
              an optional description.

       [submenu]  (submenu name) {title string}
              This creates a sub-menu with the name submenu name and if given,
              the string title string will be the title of  the  pop  up  menu

       [include]  (filename)
              This command inserts filename into the menu file at the point at
              which it is called.  filename should not  contain  a  begin  end
              pair.  This  feature  can  be used to include the system menu or
              include a piece of menu that is updated by a separate program.

       [stylesdir]  (description) (path)
              Causes Blackbox to search path for style files.  Blackbox  lists
              styles in the menu by their file name as returned by the OS.

       [stylesmenu]  (description) {path}
              This  command  creates  a submenu with the name description with
              the contents of path.  By creating a submenu and then populating
              it  with  stylesmenu  entries  the  user can create an organized
              library of styles.

       [workspaces]  (description)
              Inserts a link into the main menu  to  the  workspace  menu.  If
              used, description is an optional description.

       [config]  (label)
              This  command  causes  Blackbox  to insert a menu that gives the
              user control over  focus  models,  dithering  and  other  system

       [reconfig]  (label) {shell command}
              The reconfig command causes Blackbox to reread its configuration
              files. This does not include ~/.blackboxrc which is only  reread
              when  Blackbox  is  restarted.  If  shell  command  is  included
              Blackbox will run this command or shell script before  rereading
              the   files.  This  can  be  used  to  switch  between  multiple

       [restart]  (label) {shell command}
              This command is  actually  an  exit  command  that  defaults  to
              restarting Blackbox. If provided shell command is run instead of
              Blackbox. This can be used to change versions of  Blackbox.  Not
              that  you  would ever want to do this but, it could also be used
              to start a different window manager.

       [exit]  (label)
              Shuts down Blackbox. If Blackbox is the  last  command  in  your
              ~/.xinitrc file, this action will also shutdown X.

                   Here is a working example of a menu file:
                   [begin] (MenuName)
                      [exec] (xterm) {xterm -ls -bg black -fg green}
                      [submenu] (X utilities)
                         [exec] (xcalc) {xcalc}
                      [submenu] (styles)
                         [stylesmenu] (built-in styles) {/usr/share/blackbox/styles}
                         [stylesmenu] (custom styles) {~/.blackbox/styles}
                      [workspaces] (workspace list)
                      [config] (configure)
                      [reconfig] (config play desktop) {play-config-blackbox}
                      [reconfig] (config work desktop) {work-config-blackbox}
                      [restart] (start Blackbox beta 7) {blackbox-beta7}
                      [restart] (start Blackbox cvs) {blackbox-cvs}
                      [restart] (restart)
                      [exit] (exit)


       $HOME/.blackboxrc  These  options are stored in the ~/.blackboxrc file.
       They control various features of Blackbox and  most  can  be  set  from
       menus. Some of these can only be set by editing .blackboxrc directly.

       NOTE:  Blackbox  only  reads this file during start up. To make changes
       take effect during a Blackbox session the user must choose "restart" on
       the  main  menu.   If  you do not do so, your changes will be lost when
       Blackbox exits.

       Some resources are named with a <num>  after  screen.  This  should  be
       replaced  with  the  number of the screen that is being configured. The
       default is 0 (zero).

       Menu Configurable  (Slit Menu):
          Right click (button 3) on the slit border.

       session.screen<num>.slit.placement  SEE BELOW
          Determines the  position  of  the  slit.   Certain  combinations  of
          slit.placement  with  slit.direction  are  not terribly useful, i.e.
          TopCenter with Vertical direction puts the slit through  the  middle
          of your screen. Certainly some will think that is cool if only to be

               Default is CenterLeft.
               [  TopLeft  |   TopCenter  |   TopRight  |
                CenterLeft |              | CenterRight |
                BottomLeft | BottomCenter | BottomRight ]

       session.screen<num>.slit.direction  [Horizontal|Vertical]
          Determines the direction of the slit.

               Default is Vertical.

       session.screen<num>.slit.onTop  [True|False]
          Determines whether the slit is always visible over windows or if the
          focused window can hide the slit.

               Default is True.

       session.screen<num>.slit.autoHide  [True|False]
          Determines   whether   the   slit   hides  when  not  in  use.   The
          session.autoRaiseDelay time determines how long you  must  hover  to
          get the slit to raise and how long it stays visible after mouse out.

               Default is False.

       Menu Configurable  (Main Menu):

       session.screen<num>.focusModel  SEE BELOW
          Sloppy focus (mouse focus) is the conventional X Window behavior and
          can be modified with AutoRaise or Click-Raise.

          AutoRaise   causes   the   window   to   automatically  raise  after
          session.autoRaiseDelay milliseconds.

          ClickRaise causes the window to raise if you click  anywhere  inside
          the client area of the window.

          Sloppy focus alone requires a click on the titlebar, border or lower
          grip to raise the window.

          ClickToFocus requires a click on a Blackbox  decoration  or  in  the
          client  area  to focus and raise the window.  ClickToFocus cannot be
          modified by AutoRaise or ClickRaise.

               Default is SloppyFocus
               [SloppyFocus [[AutoRaise & ClickRaise]  |
                             [AutoRaise | ClickRaise]] |

       session.screen<num>.windowPlacement  SEE BELOW
          RowSmartPlacement tries to fit new windows in empty space by  making
          rows.                Direction               depends              on

          ColSmartPlacement tries to fit new windows in empty space by  making
          columns               Direction              depends              on

          CascadePlacement places the new window down and to the right of  the
          most recently created window.

               Default is RowSmartPlacement.
               [RowSmartPlacement | ColSmartPlacement | CascadePlacement]

       session.screen<num>.rowPlacementDirection  [LeftToRight|RightToLeft]
          Determines placement direction for new windows.

               Default is LeftToRight.

       session.screen<num>.colPlacementDirection  [TopToBottom|BottomToTop]
          Determines placement direction for new windows.

               Default is TopToBottom.

       session.imageDither  [True|False]
          This  setting  is  only  used when running in low color modes. Image
          Dithering helps to show an image properly  even  if  there  are  not
          enough colors available in the system.

               Default is False.

       session.opaqueMove  [True|False]
          Determines  whether  the window’s contents are drawn as it is moved.
          When False the behavior is to draw a box representing the window.

               Default is False.

       session.screen<num>.fullMaximization  [True|False]
          Determines if the maximize  button  will  cause  an  application  to
          maximize over the slit and toolbar.

               Default is False.

       session.screen<num>.focusNewWindows  [True|False]
          Determines  if  newly  created  windows  are  given focus after they
          initially draw themselves.

               Default is False.

       session.screen<num>.focusLastWindow  [True|False]
          This is actually "when moving  between  workspaces,  remember  which
          window  has  focus  when leaving a workspace and return the focus to
          that window when I return to that workspace."

               Default is False.

       session.screen<num>.disableBindingsWithScrollLock  [True|False]
          When this resource is enabled, turning on scroll lock keeps Blackbox
          from  grabbing the Alt and Ctrl keys that it normally uses for mouse
          controls. This feature allows users of drawing and modeling programs
          which  use  keystrokes  to  modify  mouse  actions to maintain their
          sanity.  *NOTE* this has _no_ affect on bbkeys.  If you need  bbkeys
          to  also behave this way it has a similar option in its config file.
          Refer to the bbkeys manpage for details.

               Default is False.

       Menu Configurable  (Workspace Menu):
          Middle click (button 2) on the root window (AKA  Desktop)  to  reach
          this menu

       session.screen<num>.workspaces  [integer]
          Workspaces  may  be  created  or  deleted  by middle clicking on the
          desktop  and  choosing  "New  Workspace"  or  "Remove  Last".  After
          creating a workspace, right click on the toolbar to name it.

               Default is 1

       Menu Configurable  (Toolbar Menu):

       session.screen<num>.workspaceNames  [string[, string...]]
          Workspaces  are named in the order specified in this resource. Names
          should be delimited by commas. If there  are  more  workspaces  than
          explicit  names,  un-named  workspaces  will  be named as "Workspace

               Default is
               Workspace 1.

       session.screen<num>.toolbar.placement  SEE BELOW
          Set toolbar screen position.

               Default is BottomCenter
               [  TopLeft  |   TopCenter  |   TopRight  |
                BottomLeft | BottomCenter | BottomRight ]

       session.screen<num>.toolbar.onTop  [True|False]
          Determines whether the toolbar is always visible over windows or  if
          the focused window can hide the toolbar.

               Default is True.

       session.screen<num>.toolbar.autoHide  [True|False]
          Determines   whether  the  toolbar  hides  when  not  in  use.   The
          session.autoRaiseDelay time determines how long you  must  hover  to
          get  the toolbar to raise, and how long it stays visible after mouse

               Default is False.

       Configurable in  ~/.Blackboxrc only:

       session.screen<num>.toolbar.widthPercent  [1-100]
          Percentage of screen used by the toolbar.  A number from 1-100  that
          sets  the width of the toolbar.  0 (zero) does not cause the toolbar
          to disappear, instead the toolbar is set to the default. If you want
          to lose the toolbar there are patches that can remove it.

               Default is 66.

       session.screen<num>.strftimeFormat  [string]
          A  C  language date format string, any combination of specifiers can
          be used. The default is %I:%M %p which generates  a  12  hour  clock
          with minutes and an am/pm indicator appropriate to the locale.

               24 hours and minutes    %H:%M
               12 hours and minute     %I:%M %p
               month/day/year          %m/%d/%y
               day/month/year          %d/%m/%y

               Default is hours:minutes am/pm
               strftime 3
               for more details.

       session.screen<num>.dateFormat  [American|European]
          NOTE: Only used if the strftime() function is not available on  your

               Default is American, (mon/day/year).

       session.screen<num>.clockFormat  [12/24]
          NOTE: Only used if the strftime() function is not available on  your

               Default is 12-hour format.

       session.screen<num>.edgeSnapThreshold  [integer]
          When  set  to 0 this turns off edge snap. When set to one or greater
          edge snap will cause a window that is being moved  to  snap  to  the
          nearest  screen  edge, the slit, or or the toolbar. Windows will not
          snap to each other.  The value represents a number in  pixels  which
          is  the  distance  between  the  window  and  a screen edge which is
          required before the window is snapped to the screen  edge.   If  you
          prefer this functionality values between 6 - 10 work nicely.

               Default value is 0

       session.menuFile  [filepath]
          Full path to the current menu file.

               Default is /etc/X11/blackbox/blackbox-menu

       session.colorsPerChannel  [2-6]
          The number of colors taken from the X server for use on pseudo color
          displays. This value must be set to 4 for 8 bit displays.

               Default is 4.

       session.doubleClickInterval  [integer]
          This is the maximum time that Blackbox will wait after one click  to
          catch a double click. This only applies to Blackbox actions, such as
          double click shading, not to the X server in general.

               Default is 250 milliseconds.

       session.autoRaiseDelay  [integer]
          This is the time in milliseconds used for auto raise and  auto  hide
          behaviors. More than about 1000 ms is likely useless.

               Default is 250 millisecond.

       session.cacheLife  [integer]
          Determines  the  maximum  number  of  minutes that the X server will
          cache unused decorations.

               Default is 5 minutes

       session.cacheMax  [integer]
          Determines how many kilobytes that Blackbox  may  take  from  the  X
          server  for  storing decorations. Increasing this number may enhance
          your performance if you have  plenty  of  memory  and  use  lots  of
          different windows.

               Default is 200 Kilobytes


       HOME   Blackbox  uses  $HOME  to  find  its .blackboxrc rc file and its
              .blackbox directory for menus and style directories.

              If a display is not specified on the command line, Blackbox will
              use the value of $DISPLAY.


              Application binary

              User’s startup and resource file.

              Default system wide menu


       General info website:

       Development website:


       If  you  think  you  have  found  a  bug,  please  help by going to the
       development website and select "Bugs" in the upper menu. Check the  bug
       list to see if your problem has already been reported. If it has please
       read the summary and add any information that you believe  would  help.
       If your bug has not been submitted select "Submit New" and fill out the


       Sean Shaleh Perry  <> is the current maintainer and is
       actively  working  together  with  Brad to keep Blackbox up-to-date and
       stable as a rock.

       Brad Hughes   <>  originally  designed  and  coded
       Blackbox  in 1997 with the intent of creating a memory efficient window
       manager with no dependencies on external  libraries.   Brad’s  original
       idea has become a popular alternative to other window managers.

       Jeff  Raven   <>  then picked up the torch for the 0.61.x
       series after Brad took a full time job at TrollTech.

       This   manual   page   was   written   by:    R.B.    Brig    Young
       <>  he  is  solely  responsible  for  errors or
       omissions.  Comments, corrections, and suggestions are welcomed.


            bsetbg(1), bsetroot(1),
            bbkeys(1), bbconf(1)