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       autoinst - wrapper script around the LCDF TypeTools, for installing
       OpenType fonts in LaTeX.


       autoinst [options] fontfile [fontfile ...]


       Eddie Kohler's TypeTools, mainly otftotfm, are great tools for
       installing OpenType fonts for use with LaTeX, but their use (even in
       automatic mode) is quite complicated; they need lots of long command
       lines and don't generate the fd and sty files LaTeX needs.  autoinst
       simplifies the font installation process by generating and executing
       all commands for otftotfm and by creating all necessary fd and sty
       files. All the user then needs to do is move these files to a suitable
       location ("$LOCALTEXMF/tex/latex/<Supplier>/<FontFamily>/" is the
       canonical choice) and update TeX's filename database.

       Given a family of font files (in either .ttf or .otf format), autoinst
       will create several LaTeX font families:

         - Four text families (with lining and oldstyle figures, in tabular
           and proportional variants), each with the following shapes:

             n   Roman text

             sc  Small caps

             nw  `Upright swash'; usually normal text with some extra
                 `oldstyle' ligatures, such as ct, sp and st.

             tl  Titling shape. Meant for all-caps text only (even though it
                 sometimes contains lowercase glyphs as well), where
                 letterspacing and the positioning of punctuation characters
                 have been adjusted to suit all-caps text.  This shape is
                 generated only for the families with lining figures.

             it  Italic or oblique text

                 Italic small caps

             sw  Swash

                 Italic titling

         - For each text family: a family of TS1-encoded symbol fonts, in
           roman and italic shapes.

         - Four families with superiors, inferiors, numerators and
           denominators, in roman and italic shapes.

         - An ornament family, in roman and italic shapes.

       Of course, if the font doesn't contain oldstyle figures, small caps
       etc., the corresponding shapes or families are not created;
       furthermore, the creation of most families and shapes can be controlled
       by command-line options (see below).

       The generated font families are named <FontFamily>-<Suffix>, where
       <Suffix> is one of

       LF      proportional (i.e., figures have varying widths) lining figures

       TLF     tabular (i.e., all figures have the same width) lining figures

       OsF     proportional oldstyle figures

       TOsF    tabular oldstyle figures

       Sup     superior characters (many fonts only have an incomplete set of
               superiors: figures, some punctuation and the letters
               abdeilmnorst; normal forms will be used for the other

       Inf     inferior characters; usually only figures and punctuation,
               normal forms for the other characters

       Orn     ornaments

       Numr    numerators

       Dnom    denominators

       The generated fonts are named <FontFile>-<suffix>-<shape>-<enc>, where
       <FontFile> is the name of the OpenType file, <suffix> is the same as
       above (but in lowercase), <shape> is either empty, `sc', `swash' or
       `titling', and <enc> is the encoding.  A typical name in this scheme is

       On the choice of text encoding

       By default, all text families use the LY1 encoding. This has been
       chosen over T1 (Cork) because many OpenType fonts contain additional
       ligatures such as fj and Th, and LY1 has a number of empty slots to
       accommodate these.

       A different encoding can be selected using the  --encoding command line
       option (see below).

       Using the fonts with LaTeX

       autoinst generates a style file for using the font in LaTeX documents,
       named `<FontFamily>.sty'. This style file also takes care of loading
       the fontenc and textcomp packages, if necessary.  To use the font,
       simply put "\usepackage{MinionPro}" (or whatever the font is called) in
       the preamble of your document.

       This style file defines a number of options:

       lining, oldstyle, tabular, proportional
           Choose which figures will be used for the text fonts.  The defaults
           are `oldstyle' and `proportional' (if available).

       ultrablack, ultrabold, heavy, extrablack, black, extrabold, demibold,
       semibold, bold
           Choose the weight that LaTeX will use for the `bold' weight (i.e.,
           the value of "\bfdefault").

       light, medium, regular
           Choose the weight that LaTeX will use for the `regular' weight
           (i.e., the value of "\mddefault").

           Scale the font by a factor of <scale>.  For example: to increase
           the size of the font by 5%, use the command

           This option is only available when the xkeyval package is found in
           your TeX installation.

       The style file will also try to load the fontaxes package (part of the
       MinionPro for LaTeX project), which gives easy access to various font
       shapes and styles. This package can be downloaded from the project's
       homepage ( or directly
       through the CVS web interface
       and is also available from CTAN as part of the archive

       Using the machinery set up by fontaxes, the generated style file also
       defines a few commands (which take the text to be typeset as argument)
       and declarations (which don't take arguments, but affect all text up to
       the end of the current group) of its own:


           \tlshape        \texttitling    \texttl
           \sufigures      \textsuperior   \textsu
           \infigures      \textinferior   \textin

       In addition, the "\swshape" and "\textsw" commands are redefined to
       place swash on the secondary shape axis (fontaxes places it on the
       primary shape axis); this allows the use of `upright swash'.  Just
       saying "\swshape" will still give normal (italic) swash, but
       "\swshape\upshape" results in upright swash.

       Note that there is no separate command for accessing the italic titling
       shape; but these commands behave properly when nested, so
       "\tlshape\itshape" gives italic titling.  There are also no commands
       for accessing the numerator and denominator fonts; these can be
       selected using fontaxes' low-level commands, e.g.,

       The style file also provides a command "\ornament{<number>}", where
       "<number>" is a number from 0 to the total number of ornaments minus
       one. Ornaments are always typeset using the current family, series and
       shape. A list of all ornaments in a font can be created by running
       LaTeX on the file nfssfont.tex (part of a standard LaTeX installation)
       and specifying the ornament font (e.g., MinionPro-Regular-orn-u).

       This whole machinery builds on fontaxes; if that package cannot be
       found, the style file doesn't provide high-level access to the more
       `exotic' font shapes and styles. In that case, you're limited to using
       the lower-level commands from standard NFSS, or even plain TeX's
       "\font" primitive (and it's called `primitive' for a reason!)

       Using multiple font families in one document

       If you want to use several font families in one document, make sure all
       fonts were installed using the same version of autoinst.  autoinst has
       seen some non-backward-compatible changes in the past, and .sty and .fd
       files that were generated by different versions of autoinst may not be
       able to coexist peacefully.

       NFSS codes

       In NFSS, weight and width are concatenated into a single `series'
       attribute.  (Note: versions of autoinst before 2007-07-27 erroneously
       formed the series as `width plus weight' instead of the reverse.)
       autoinst maps widths, weights and shapes to NFSS codes using the
       following tables. These are based on the tables in Lehman's Font
       Installation Guide, but some changes had to be made to avoid name
       clashes for font families with many different widths and weights (such
       as Helvetica Neue).

           WEIGHT                              WIDTH

           Thin           t                    Ultra Condensed    uc
           Ultra Light    ul                   Extra Condensed    ec
           Extra Light    el                   Condensed          c
           Light          l                    Semicondensed      sc
           Book                 [1]            Regular                  [1]
           Regular              [1]            Semiextended       sx
           Medium         mb                   Extended           x
           Demibold       db
           Semibold       sb
           Bold           b
           Extra Bold     eb                   SHAPES
           Black          a
           Extra Black    ea                   Roman              n
           Heavy          h                    Italic             it
           Ultra          ub                   Oblique            it    [2]
           Ultra Bold     ub                   RomanI             n     [3]
           Ultra Black    ua                   RomanII            it    [3]

       [1] When both weight and width are empty, the `series' attribute
           becomes `m'.

       [2] Mapping the `Oblique' shape to `it' instead of the canonical `sl'
           simplifies autoinst. Since font families with both `Italic' and
           `Oblique' shapes probably do not exist (apart from Computer
           Modern), this shouldn't cause problems in real life.

       [3] To the best of my knowledge, the only font family that has two
           `Roman' shapes is Silentium; since this has no `Italic' shape, the
           `it' code is (ab)used for the `RomanII' shape.

       A note for MikTeX users

       Calling otftotfm with the  --automatic option (as autoinst does by
       default) requires a TeX-installation that uses the kpathsea library;
       with TeX-installations that implement their own directory searching
       (such as MiKTeX) otftotfm might complain that it cannot find a writable
       texmf directory and leave all generated tfm, vf, enc and map files in
       the current working directory.  In that case, you need to move these to
       their correct destinations.  You also need to tell the dvi-driver
       (dvips, dvipdfm, pdfTeX etc.)  about the new font map files; this
       usually means editing some configuration file.

       Furthermore, some OpenType fonts lead to pl and vpl files that are too
       big for MiKTeX's pltotf and vptovf; the versions that come with TeXLive
       ( don't have this


           Use the encoding encoding for the text fonts. The default is `LY1'.
           A file named `<encoding>.enc' (in all lowercase) should be
           somewhere where otftotfm can find it. Suitable encoding files for
           LY1, OT1 and T1/TS1 come with fontools. (Note that these files are
           called fontools_xxx.enc to avoid name clashes with other packages;
           the `fontools_' prefix doesn't need to be specified.)

           Multiple text encodings can be specified as well: "
           --encoding=OT1,T1,LY1".  The encodings are passed to fontenc in the
           order specified, so the last one will be the default text encoding.

           Install the font as a sanserif font, accessed via "\sffamily" and
           "\textsf".  Note that the generated style file redefines
           "\familydefault", so including it will make this font the default
           text font.

           Install the font as a typewriter font, accessed via "\ttfamily" and
           "\texttt".  Note that the generated style file redefines
           "\familydefault", so including it will make this font the default
           text font.

           Turn the creation of TS1-encoded fonts on or off. The default is
           --ts1 if the text encodings (see  --encoding above) include T1,
           --nots1 otherwise.

           Turn the creation of small caps fonts on or off. The default is

           Turn the creation of swash fonts on or off. The default is

           Turn the creation of titling fonts on or off. The default is

           Turn the creation of fonts with superior characters on or off.  The
           default is  --superiors.

           Turn the creation of fonts with inferior figures on or off.  The
           default is  --noinferiors.

           Turn the creation of fonts with numerators and denominators on or
           off.  The default is  --nofractions.

           Turn the creation of ornament fonts on or off. The default is

           Manual mode. By default, autoinst immediately executes all otftotfm
           command lines it generates; with the  --manual option, these
           commands are instead written to a batch command file (named
           `<font>.bat', to make things easier for our friends on Windows).
           Also, the generated otftotfm command lines specify the  --pl option
           and leave out the  --automatic option; this causes human readable
           (and editable) pl and vpl files to be created instead of the
           default tfm and vf files.

           Verbose mode; print detailed info about what autoinst thinks it's

           Pass text as options to otftotfm. To prevent text from accidentily
           being interpreted as options to autoinst, it should be properly


       Eddie Kohler's TypeTools (

       Perl is usually pre-installed on Linux and Unix systems; for Windows,
       good (and free) Perl implementations are Strawberry Perl
       ( and ActivePerl (available from;

       John Owens' otfinst (;
       also available from CTAN) is another wrapper around otftotfm, and may
       work for you when autoinst doesn't.

       Ready-made support files for MinionPro, providing more options and
       features than autoinst ever will (including math), are available from

       XeTeX ( is a TeX extension that can use
       any font installed in the operating system (including both flavours of
       OpenType fonts) without additional support files.  It also isn't
       hindered by standard TeX's limitation to 8-bit fonts, so it is
       especially well suited to fonts with many ligatures and alternate
       glyphs, such as Bickham, Poetica and Zapfino.


       Marc Penninga <>

       When sending a bug report, please give as much relevant information as
       possible; this usually includes (but may not be limited to) the output
       from running autoinst with the  --verbose option.  Please make sure
       that this output includes all error messages (if any); this can be done
       using the command

           autoinst (... all options and files ...)  >autoinst.log 2>&1


       Copyright (c) 2005-2009 Marc Penninga.


       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation.

       A copy of the GNU General Public License is included with the fontools
       collection; see the file GPLv2.txt.


       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
       WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       General Public License for more details.


       (See the source code for the full story.)

       2009-04-09  Prefixed the filenames of  the included encoding files with
                   `fontools_', to prevent name clashes with other packages.

       2009-04-06  A small patch to the make_ornament_encoding subroutine; it
                   now also recognises the ornament glyphs in
                   Adobe's Kepler Pro.