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       alpine - an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and Email


       alpine [ options ] [ address , address ]

       alpinef [ options ] [ address , address ]


       Alpine  is  a  screen-oriented  message-handling  tool.  In its default
       configuration, Alpine offers an intentionally limited set of  functions
       geared toward the novice user, but it also has a large list of optional
       "power-user" and personal-preference features.  alpinef is a variant of
       Alpine  that  uses  function  keys  rather  than mnemonic single-letter
       commands.  Alpine’s basic feature set includes:

              View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

              Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap and  a
              spelling   checker.    Messages   may  be  postponed  for  later

              Full-screen selection and management of message folders.

              Address  book  to  keep  a  list  of  long  or   frequently-used
              addresses.    Personal   distribution   lists  may  be  defined.
              Addresses may be taken into the address book from incoming  mail
              without retyping them.

              New  mail  checking  and notification occurs automatically every
              2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,  e.g.  refresh-screen

              On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Alpine  supports  MIME  (Multipurpose  Internet  Mail  Extensions),  an
       Internet Standard for representing multipart  and  multimedia  data  in
       email.   Alpine  allows  you to save MIME objects to files, and in some
       cases, can also initiate the correct program for  viewing  the  object.
       It  uses  the  system’s  mailcap  configuration  file to determine what
       program can process a particular MIME object  type.   Alpine’s  message
       composer  does not have integral multimedia capability, but any type of
       data file --including multimedia-- can be attached to  a  text  message
       and  sent  using  MIME’s  encoding  rules.   This  allows  any group of
       individuals with MIME-capable mail software (e.g. Alpine, PC-Alpine, or
       many  other  programs)  to exchange formatted documents, spread-sheets,
       image files, etc, via Internet email.

       Alpine uses the c-client messaging API to access local and remote  mail
       folders.  This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
       functions, including drivers for  a  variety  of  different  mail  file
       formats,  as  well  as routines to access remote mail and news servers,
       using IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and  NNTP  (Network  News
       Transport Protocol).  Outgoing mail is usually posted directly via SMTP
       (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).


       The command line options/arguments are:

       address             Send mail to address.  This will cause Alpine to go
                           directly into the message composer.

       -attach file        Send mail with the listed file as an attachment.

       -attachlist file-list
                           Send   mail   with   the  listed  file-list  as  an

       -attach_and_delete file
                           Send mail with the listed file  as  an  attachment,
                           and remove the file after the message is sent.

       -aux local_directory
                           PC-Alpine  only.  When using a remote configuration
                           (-p <remote_config>) this tells PC-Alpine the local
                           directory  to use for storing auxiliary files, like
                           debug files, address books, and signature files.

       -bail               Exit if the pinerc file does not exist. This  might
                           be useful if the config file is accessed using some
                           remote filesystem protocol. If the remote mount  is
                           missing  this  will cause Alpine to quit instead of
                           creating a new pinerc.

       -c context-number   context-number is the number corresponding  to  the
                           folder-collection  to  which  the  -f  command line
                           argument should be  applied.   By  default  the  -f
                           argument  is  applied  to the first defined folder-

       -conf               Produce a  sample/fresh  copy  of  the  system-wide
                           configuration  file,  pine.conf,  on  the  standard
                           output. This is distinct from the per-user  .pinerc

       -convert_sigs -p pinerc
                           Convert signature files into literal signatures.

       -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
                           Copy  the  local  address  book  file  to  a remote
                           address book folder.

       -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
                           Copy the local  pinerc  file  to  a  remote  pinerc

       -d debug-level      Output  diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9) to the
                           current .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0  turns
                           debugging  off and suppresses the .pine-debug file.

       -d key[=val]        Fine tuned  output  of  diagnostic  messages  where
                           "flush"   causes   debug   file   writing   without
                           buffering, "timestamp" appends each message with  a
                           timestamp,  "imap=n"  where  n  is  between 0 and 4
                           representing  none  to   verbose   IMAP   telemetry
                           reporting, "numfiles=n" where n is between 0 and 31
                           corresponding to  the  number  of  debug  files  to
                           maintain,  and "verbose=n" where n is between 0 and
                           9  indicating  an  inverse  threshold  for  message

       -f folder           Open  folder  (in  first defined folder collection,
                           use -c n to specify another collection) instead  of

       -F file             Open   named  text  file  and  view  with  Alpine’s

       -h                  Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i                  Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.

       -I keystrokes       Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes  which
                           Alpine should execute on startup.

       -install            For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
                           prompt  for  some  basic  setup  information,  then

       -k                  Use function keys for commands. This is the same as
                           running the command alpinef.

       -n number           Start up with current message-number set to number.

       -o                  Open first folder read-only.

       -p config-file      Use  config-file as the personal configuration file
                           instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file      Use config-file as the configuration  file  instead
                           of    default    system-wide   configuration   file

       -pinerc file        Output  fresh   pinerc   configuration   to   file,
                           preserving  the settings of variables that the user
                           has made.  Use file set to ‘‘-’’ to make output  go
                           to  standard  out.   <IP>  -registry cmd 20 For PC-
                           Alpine only, this  option  affects  the  values  of
                           Alpine’s registry entries.  Possible values for cmd
                           are set, clear, and dump.  Set  will  always  reset
                           Alpine’s  registry entries according to its current
                           settings.  Clear will clear  the  registry  values.
                           Clearsilent   will   silently  clear  the  registry
                           values.  Dump will display the  values  of  current
                           registry  settings.   Note that the dump command is
                           currently disabled.  Without the -registry  option,
                           PC-Alpine  will write values into the registry only
                           if there currently aren’t any values set.

       -r                  Use restricted/demo mode.  Alpine  will  only  send
                           mail  to  itself and functions like save and export
                           are restricted.

       -sort order         Sort  the  FOLDER  INDEX  display  in  one  of  the
                           following    orders:    arrival,   date,   subject,
                           orderedsubj, thread, from, size, score, to, cc,  or
                           reverse.   Arrival   order  is  the  default.   The
                           OrderedSubj choice simulates a threaded sort.   Any
                           sort  may  be  reversed  by  adding /reverse to it.
                           Reverse by itself is the same as arrival/reverse.

       -supported          Some options may or may not be supported  depending
                           on  how  Alpine  was  compiled.   This  is a way to
                           determine  which  options  are  supported  in   the
                           particular copy of Alpine you are using.

       -uninstall          For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
                           remove references to Alpine in Windows settings.

       -url url            Open the given url.  Cannot be used with -f  or  -F

       -v                  Version: Print version information.

       -version            Version: Print version information.

       -x config           Use configuration exceptions in config.  Exceptions
                           are used to override your default  pinerc  settings
                           for a particular platform, can be a local file or a
                           remote folder.

       -z                  Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so alpine may be suspended.

       -option=value       Assign value  to  the  config  option  option  e.g.
                           -signature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-
                           bottom (Note: feature-list values are additive)


       There are several levels of Alpine configuration.  Configuration values
       at  a  given  level over-ride corresponding values at lower levels.  In
       order of increasing precedence:

        o built-in defaults.
        o system-wide pine.conf file.
        o personal .pinerc file (may be set via built-in Setup/Config menu.)
        o command-line options.
        o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.

       There is one exception  to  the  rule  that  configuration  values  are
       replaced  by  the value of the same option in a higher-precedence file:
       the feature-list variable has values that  are  additive,  but  can  be
       negated  by  prepending  "no-"  in front of an individual feature name.
       Unix Alpine also uses the following environment variables:

         DISPLAY     (determines if Alpine can display IMAGE attachments.)
         SHELL       (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
         MAILCAPS    (semicolon delimited list of path names to mailcap files)


       /usr/spool/mail/xxxx        Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail                      Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook              Default address book file.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]          Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc                   Personal alpine config file.
       ~/.newsrc                   News subscription/state file.
       ~/.mailcap                  Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types               Personal   file   extension  to  MIME  type
       /etc/mailcap                System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types             System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /etc/              Local pointer to system administrator.
       /etc/pine.conf              System-wide configuration file.
       /etc/pine.conf.fixed         Non-overridable configuration file.
       /tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail    Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs       For postponed messages.
       ~/mail/sent-mail            Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages       Default destination for Saving messages.


       pico(1), binmail(1), aliases(5),  mailaddr(7),  sendmail(8),  spell(1),

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine
       Alpine Information Center:
       Source distribution:
       Alpine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
       C-Client messaging API library, included in the source distribution.


       The University of Washington Alpine development team (part of the UW Office
       of Computing & Communications) includes:

        Project Leader:           Mike Seibel
        Principal authors:        Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Jeff Franklin
        C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin
        Documentation:            Many people!
        Project oversight:        Terry Gray, Lori Stevens
        Principal Patrons:        Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant
        Initial Alpine code base: Pine - by the University of Washington,
                                  Elm - by Dave Taylor & USENET Community Trust
        Initial Pico code base:   MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy
        User Interface design:    Inspired by UCLA’s "Ben" mailer for MVS
        Suggestions/fixes/ports:  Folks from all over!

       $Date: 2008-08-22 13:40:16 -0700 (Fri, 22 Aug 2008) $

                                 Version 2.00                        alpine(1)