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       YAPS - converts an abc file to a PostScript file


       yaps  abc file [-d] [-e <list>] [-E] [-l] [-M XXXxYYY] [-N] [-k nn] [-o
       file name] [-P -ss] [-s XX] [-V][-ver] [-x] [-OCC]


       -d     For debugging only. Displays the internal data  structures  used
              in the program.

       -e <list>
              Draws  tunes  with  reference numbers in a comma separated list.
              Spaces are not allowed but a range of reference numbers  can  be
              specified. For example, 1,3,7-10.

       -E     Generates Encapsulated Postscript output.

       -M XXXxYYY
              Set margin sizes in points where 28.3 points = 1cm and 72 points
              = 1 inch.

       -N     Adds page numbering.

       -k [nn]
              Adds bar numbering. If number nn is included, then  every  nn’th
              bar is numbered. Otherwise all bars are numbered.

       -o filename
              Specifies the output postscript file name.

       -P ss  Specifies  the  paper  size  where 0 is A4 and 1 is US Letter or
              XXXxYYY sets the paper size in point units.

       -s XX  Specifies the scaling factor (default is 0.7)

       -V     Voices are  printed  out  seperately  for  a  multi-voice  tune.
              Otherwise they are interleaved.

       -ver   Prints version number and exits.

       -x     Print tune number in X: field

       -OCC   Required  if  the  tune  uses  the  old  convention  for  chords
              delineated with +..+ instead of [...].


       * Uses the abc2midi  parsing  code,  so  hopefully  compatibility  with
       abc2midi will be good.

       * Measures the width of lyric text for lyric typesetting.

       *  Uses  dynamically  extensible data structures in most places, so you
       should not be restricted by compiled-in limits.

       * Multiple voices drawn with notes played at the same time aligned.

       *  Supports  special  characters  using  ISO  latin  1  font.   Special
       characters  are created with a TeX-like code e.g. ´E or a 3 digit octal
       code e.g. 315 .

       * Supports the following clefs : baritone, tenor, alto, mezzo, soprano,
       treble, bass. Recommended use is

       * Invisible rests (x) are displayed like normal rests.

       * Nonnumeric voice id’s, eg. V: soprano are accepted.


       To  make it easier to enter tunes in clefs othan than treble clef, yaps
       supports I:octave=-1 to indicate that a C in the  tune  represents  the
       note  one octave below the pitch defined in the abc standard. These may
       be combined in one I: statement e.g.

       I:clef=bass octave=-2

       You can also use clefs that are one, two or  three  octaves  higher  or
       lower  than  normal using e.g. treble-8, treble+15, treble-22. The clef
       is drawn with a small 8, 15 or 22 above or below the clef  symbol.  The
       clef= and octave= commands may also go in the K: field e.g.

       K:G clef=bass-8 octave=-3

       Note that there is an incompatibility between the behaviour of yaps and
       the behaviour of abc2ps  1.3.3.  abc2ps  1.3.3  does  not  support  the
       I:octave=N   command,   but   selecting  certain  clefs  causes  it  to
       automatically transpose by several octaves. You can  produce  abc  that
       works  for both by following the clef change with an I:octave=N command
       to do the transpose that abc2ps does automatically.

       * Produces boxed part labels.

       * Supports the segno symbol with !segno! and coda with !coda!  .  Other
       musical  instructions  such  as  !fine! and !D.C.! come out as text.  *
       Supports the U: field for abbreviating symbols  to  single  characters.

       U:S = !segno!

       allows  S  to  be used to produce the segno symbol. Currently this only
       allows new symbols to be defined and does not allow the  existing  pre-
       defined symbols M,L,R,H and T to be altered.

       *  Supports the !red! and !black! instructions for switching from black
       to red or vice-versa.

       * Supports the following abc2ps extensions to abc :

          %%newpage  - start a new page,
          %%vskip N  - adds vertical space of N points. If N is followed by
                       ’cm’ or ’in’ the units are taken as centimetres or
                       inches instead of points e.g. 4cm.
          %%text     - print text
          %%centre (or %%center for Americans) - print centred text.
          If %%text or %%centre appear in the header, the text appears above
          the tune.

          %%staffsep SIZE - set the vertical blank space between 2 consecutive
                            music staves.

          %%titleleft N - select title placed to the left or centred. N = 1
                          places the title on the left while N = 0 centres it.
          %%titlecaps - title is displayed in upper case (capital) letters.
          %%textfont NAME SIZE - select font called NAME and point size SIZE
          for text produced by %%text or %%centre. If only NAME is given, the
          font stays the same size. Likewise, if ’-’ is given as the NAME,
          only the font size changes.
          %%titlefont NAME SIZE - select font for title.
          %%subtitlefont NAME SIZE - select font for titles after the first
          %%composerfont NAME SIZE - select font for words in C: and O: fields
                                    and part specifier (P: in header).
          %%wordsfont NAME SIZE - select font for words in W: fields.
          %%partsfont NAME SIZE - select font for boxed parts and
          !instruction! .
          %%vocalfont NAME SIZE - select font for words in w: fields.
          %%gchordfont NAME SIZE - select font for guitar chords in the music.
          (It is advisable not to change the font name for the last two, since
           the program calculates the width of strings using default fonts)
          %%titlespace, %%subtitlespace, %%textspace, %%composerspace,
          %%wordsspace, %%partsspace, %%vocalspace and %%gchordspace
          determine the amount of space left above the relevant type
          of text. Each of these should be followed by a size in points
          or value in centrimetres or inches.
          e.g. %%composerfont 3
               %%titlefont 2cm

       * Supports placing of accompaniment chords either above or below the

          %%chordsabove - places accompaniment chords above the stave
          %%chordsbelow - places accompaniment chords below the stave.

       * Supports optional text enclosed in quotes before and after the
         tempo specification in the Q: field. This extension comes from


       James Allwright <>


       Seymour Shlien <>

       More  complete  documentation  can be found in abcguide.txt which comes
       with the abcMIDI distribution package.


       This man page describes version 1.39 August 13 2005.

                                13 August 2005                         YAPS(1)